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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, June 1921"

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TfellxeHsiaaa--. national park 

File No. 

Monthly Report 1921. 



I. General Condition / 

II. Personnel ■ ^ 

III. tfork Completed. 


IV. Work in Progress • // 

V. Work Begun. . . • • / '^ 

VI. Plane or Proposed *7ork / >5~ 

VII. Policies *• /^ 

VIII. Cost of Operation I L> 

EC. Other Matters of Interest.. ... / up 

vrild Aniraals ♦ / L> 

Birds ■ 

Fishes. . . • 15 

Seasonal changes. . / * 

Arrests and Violations of Law >o 

Forest Fires.... Z ° 

idents and Casualties /- ° 

cal Services ..... • •• '> ' 

natural Phenomena. > > 

Special Visitors > 3 

Ion Ictures. . - • y6 

Miscellaneous ^ 

X, Receipts and Remittances 'XS~ 




Daar .In 

fbllowiac la toy import on eoxvlitiona 
tam Hr*i<nu£ Parte* and on the operation 
of t I raonth of Jtaoa, 1 

tha bacinnine of Jtaa tha rooda ware c 
ft>r onra ffon F.a*l<piartaro to 3orri8, "oat aatranoa, 

ur Baaint and toana bad boon tln-o^i to Canyon 
and Latot tat dna to tho haavy atom of Hay 27-28 f 

•iotod to «5iat wno obav 
naoauanry In o*4ar to aavo tha ronda fron frAn c badly 
rutted* Condltiono ware tavwrlqg wpidlyt howovn 1 , 
so that by tha afternoon of t:*> 1 
pomittod on tlio roada 9 and conditlona wme^ noxwal a 
day or two latest 

FOllowl**: a trip by no^or fron Cody to tha 
aaat aatnma on :^oy "let, with oao 
b&Uy rottat roada* X canr a parfc on -Tuna lat 

at tha eaetarn antraooa f valfced for about oeren nilee 
e*er the daap drifta throng nylvm Pas» t and waa net 
at Ho weet end of tlie Paaa by fc 
to^thor wa ^do a oarefnl inepoction of tho roada 
with a riesr to fotweaatinc pinna for having than afl* 
opon Ml In the bast poesible ooxklit' cm on or before 
data aat for tha epanlug of the tour! at mr~ 

Tern that data on f ** weather wae vram and 
ffcrorable, and with two awall *rmm c: 
of exww, the we*fcwa§ ntr,au&LiBh#X mi 
dlfficvJ.ty # Ffcrenan Tfhite f a orcw il 
SylTtm Paoa on Jtme 9th t and by t 

r\ anrt repaired to tha extant 
o-ira were pemittod to nae 1U First Aaaiu- «• 

«*r* H«c«r Harry 2rieohrwn f with a anall pi' 

opaninc of t?» 
ookt on Juno L~th t end I »torocl through it an an 
inspection trip* It tmo opeaovl to o&noral travel 
on June Clat, )gr she tlno the first regular 
tour lota had rooohed that point, lie rood loart!!. 
x^p tijo a uth side of iiount m fron Ct&zjon 

Ilotol waa opened fbr traval on June 20th f bat it 
wan Juno 34th tefbro the north sidle wee open no 
that it tnie oaffe ovaral privato onra wont over 
before the drifte vroro ohovoled. by 

and #iile tlioro were no a 

rvod oonslctordble difficulty and wore otook 
in tho md and had to be palled out in eavornl 

Ho sho valine w a neooo oxv to opan tlio 
bolt line road over tho ontinental Divide b e tw ee n 

sop 3-ioin aal 2unb* 3»roo touriot oaro* tho 
firs' jo ovor tMo road f went ovot on Juno 6th t 

ly difficulty boinc in cottinc around a 
t # tfuch Tai repataal eee rt m Hfc 

A) attenpt wee node to opon tlio amth 
entrance road t bat it we open without any ehovolinc 
by tv.o tlno that t:.aro wno any 110000 r 

tho wholo rood aynton wae open 
•■> ■ -Irn had feiOi Mitt Ml tho 
put in operation, 'jy tho opaninc of 
on June INfa Varol eeatttUM la ■* I * 
nevor botto: 1 r\t tho oponin:; of a tourlat 

Hooo of 
there were obetaolee of a raoro or loon 

ter at aono point on nenrly all of tho roado 
*o*>hln8 tho parft fron t>io different dlrootiona t dao 
l&i water omiood by ntf.tlntT ***** in tho noaatnine v 
travel \rj private axtcnoblle wee heavy ♦ beginning 
oovortf. layo beffcre the actual of :ioial qwniluc of tho 
pari:* and this still ooatiiuoe eo oliown by to fbllowinc 
tabloo* Hany of thoee tAo oino in and woro not oomittod 

to loavo by ootae 0! to beoauae 

trouble aoraertbero on the road uhlan they woro «sdoua to 
avoid* Our oaoollantt wo: *oada wore a souroo of 

aaay coqplinenta fron ttousonta of touriato who hod found 
griof of one aort or a. tti rondo within 

er two hundred • 


by tho \hxit oroau for JUno is ort- 

olan od horoirith* 3^o foil 

*m reports fror ino ooiaroo, ftirnirt>od 

by tho local Oboorrori 

Soaporntaro t Hont: 1;/ nam, 57*0° Lo 1*0° abovo 
nornal* A h a taHpw "mo hao 

ton rooor&od but f o la tho pMft thirty f ivo 

years* 9o unusual ly lilrji to^psraturoe ooourrodt but 

two period* f 4F-14th - fch torporaturo 

ooatLderobly fttxwo mmnl. nomry frost oocnrrod on tho & 
wltt I tnn omtnw of 33° f ho ratalm ter bhs ■snttb Trior 
to this ;^'vr f thoro woro bat six Jtmoa oinoq 1007 « o 
tho nlnlrMw taqporatu-e did not roaoh tho f„ :;*>!nt« 

gmlplfrattm* ■*•: • • I i*«h 

bolow nornal* ^itD^larotorr^ MOOT ;tb# Hoary 

hall foil at to r»a 9*3 • . |OA p*rw of 
15th« ftomo of tho hailatonco nooourod ono inrsh in diaaotor, 

bat no ratorial Onaaco oilntonoo opsorooly 

ooraod tho nr ht 

wix*I f 10 rvi "qg 
tfto atom* 

.i:y',; - T I IttA MffMHHl Mi MM "" •• 
Miilfii volocilty was 52 niloo fron tho to 11th* 

of Is nearly 

9m OMi taUfl; >0MNqgt* I ■aia oarrioo to Mhi 
pai*fc at tho mrth# TTOot* and onnt, ffrou (kffdJ >at 

Yollorotoxw, and Cody, xw rwm*i 

* no last yo?e% 
OOhortulo wont Into 

19tJi 9 so na to o a apooial p^ xwt 

ttio osrao tron t 
Bid mother opo 2»ut 46 nonbors 

of tho > in 

air ooirsrontian 
offiolally oponod froa ilia to: «o on tho i 

of Juos 19? morablo stqpJw . 

rational Partes t who cmo v 

d official a 

)f &aneor 9 o Trarol Hoport for Jtas, rrith 

j of air * Jane, 1920 * for cofc&vjj?lmm t 

Is anolooad* 

2bo fbllowir*: tablo of taw/. 10 1 

md 1921 30O6 »3t * 

of all oliwooa of toariota :or 10Z1 to 

, 7G» skew fo * 7 t lD7 t 

an lnvonafr In fa&or of 1921 it thio 

"**M W8U3 OBtiro 

rail trarol fallin • It 

Ittsrciso is f oir'ty ovaaly divided 
botwan the •■ anfcran&eafc 

22fiL» WUB UHb 

973 5147 161 5300 452 1448 91 1539 17Ǥ 

515 106 80 1775 327 1063 34 1117 ^£ 

433 1429 im 230 !■ 1* : ' 3;3 r,7G 

tr 26 78 4 82 G 17 17 N 

1945 6M§ M» 5416 HI 35BB 3070 

1021 » ___ 123L# 

frfcraaoe Kotol CffiEtt J&HL 2&&A ?CT9 -&lal P^^lfW 

I W 400 414 822 675 Ml 1344 -522 

■H 1283 520 1808 1120 905 2033 -2* 

185 236 421 * 05 170 255 1<S6 

1076 1175 3051 10 1744 M -Ml 

OUHD f302AIi 
1921 - 9676 19 71 

Oocnon labor Its ffcitt plentiful find wo aro taming swn ae/ay anrory 4ay 
tiho are loolcin; for wtf i ot iraeomon to ^ron thoea xfco 

aro without &o ail-: for the privilege of vetftetnc "or their board until 

fhaycan sot on tkeir foet* ifeohanloo sap© not so plant If l t ^ot v?o ha*8 bam 
ablo to cot owjollont, wall trained e*hl to enx^Vj our naoda In thio lino* Stt-piioa 

- 4 - 

are aaoh Ir ^r than tliey waro laat fall» *» f robafcly havo about 
reoohod the ottom in the dovorsrd oorslo* rito are about 

SB to r>0 ?or cent lowor than last year, and othor staples are 
proportionately loe?or» our last bid on caaoline «ao 16^ per gallon, 
f«o«b» Graytull, ^•» \rikici: 13 about half ?fcat it vnm a year ego* 


Jane let, there two ^OMployooe en 4uty 
under thlo office, vnich !iad boon increased on Jane SOtft 
to s«# 

9ie foliovl:v; list shove the xnfcor of ocploytee 
of rarioua olao-oa oorvinc under arpointnont durinr; the 
nonth, with m etatoexmt In general o lad of nor*: in 

which they «V9 e n g a gad i 

.-., . . . . . 

In ohai-^e of engineering aoffc in 
the patrtc (1 national Park ^orvico, 

1 Diebaroing Acont and Purohoaing 
Clorfcj 1 on ooot aooount YOTfc sod 

>rty; 1 on - i>ropoDaLa f 

and Toacho^o; 1 0:: tine doping; 

2 otenocroi ata on 3tono- 
grqnhlo wort:; 1 otenocra;iiar-t.' 
on atonoGrophio taorfc and filoe* 

Z hMt. Sneers 


4 Fox 

1 Sfclegranh operator 

2 Selenhone wfcritch- 
board Operators 

1 Hastor rioohcttiio 

1 Blaofcanith 

inotsro, did neeeeaary lino vortet 

oporatod poror plant ronular 
shifts, inol vmdayo* 

1 in charco of atabloo at ^adquartoro, 
and ropairinr; tento and harnooa; 1 re- 

lor ranona; 2 on road 

solved all GoTtjrmont 
uoaacoai operated one 
shift on t< atfltchboarcU 

I telonhono aialtohboard, daily 
shifts, including : undoes* {1 on 
intermittent sorvice only)* 

In olsaroo of shops, and of repairs to 
heavy road naohinery* 

General bloCJcsnf. f including 

shoeing horaoo in ohop, ororliaul ing 
and repairing toola and oqv • 

- 5 - 

Mftl of vjpri: yortopqflf 

1 Palntox* 

1 Linancn 

I Laborr^ro 

1 Steward and llaatar of 

1 Buffalo Kaapor 

2 Aast# Buffalo rteoporo 

1 Parte Udturollot 

1 Plrcibor 

2 Autonobll© lloobttloo 
1 Tftrtal&an 

1 Clilof 

1 lat AosUC-iiof rancor 

1 A98t* Chief Eazjgar 

24 Par* HanGore 

Iftmovatod quarters at hoad- 
qaa'torsj worf: on :*<*r raoaoraa; 
aloo paintocl oisno and aqalxiaent* 

In chare© of MUvbooa and 
toloorapfc oyatam. Bid emergency 
t»x*i: fsiX to I inotrunonts* 

2taamiTi£ f ffroitfitla,:;- Inwaro- 

house* ai*l nlacollmoouo wmAe at 

ftwtod In it iag «*** 

rsMiTlnc ouppliotu 

In chairs of all transportation 
and of otorc ♦ 

In chore** of tzar® buffalo hmHk 

1 asoiotinc Buffalo Bwpert 1 In 
chare© of liagr raiainc 
at 31ou£$i 

Scientific roaoaroh vTorlc and 
dorolopinc nuooun# 

In chnrgo of cenorol pluntoing, and 
regpairs to doeso at toadquortoro* 

Sopairinc notor truc::n ond tourinc 

honrl <turin it 

headquarters* tool: Cara of of flMj 
nn& In chares of r/atorintf of larcno 
at ftUM* 

1 ropalrinG fcridcoo and raaintonanca 
wrfc; 1 repaired buildings at HmJ 
quor' :**:o& on nac7 nuaoun ond 

mat ion Qffiaa* 

In ohorco of rmcor ?orco« 

In oliarno of northern district^ & 

11 crows* 
In om diatriot* 

1 on apoolal Outy ao Aotine Aoalotant 
of and in charn© of rancor 
wotoTG^/rAo Wt&$ of 

6 - 


39 ?OTporary ?>,** 




abovo under 






Mm in 














Juno, aoraol loav 

SUB follOC/3j 


ophono Operator* 


-Jam 1-4 




Juno 1-4 



13 (noon) 

i .« » 

• .-. ■ hmhAm| 

. .♦ ndel f 


«nme 4-Q 

CI If for-: on* 

J5i JOT * 

CalTi: * fflftf 


Juno 4( :*>on) 

ttt f 



Jane (noon) 


"'- kv-3- » 

Jano 0-1G 

Goorco Uc?nrlan& f 



June 14-17 




Juno 15 (noon) 

. * : .n t 


Jano 13 (nDon) 




Juno 7(noon)-G(naon) 







i i 





BlaCKQni w J. v 



Juno 29 


Llaeter Hoohonic* 



Jano 1 :ok 

bwn - v " 

Francis . .on* 



Juno 1B> T9 

TTithout pay replied for)* 

Eollia . 

"OGer f 


Juno 22-28 

Hollio ■• Mattbw* 


loavo to b# iQ 


Juno 10: DO • Botfli 

I nontfu 

JUna 15« liathilaa E^riaast MLejS^ono 

1 1 1 ' 


Jano 3s 

Jano 15 t 


Jane 15 i 

Mm 15i 

Jano 15 s 

Jano 15: 

Jan© 15: 

• . r. 

Xm I. — , 

and suMiotonoo in £iold# 
: :o, ?MP f OoBpox^jacyt "100 por ronth* 

sn Bar 

, . . • # * 
noiiio . f ...,* 

. • t . • . * * 

:. • : A* 

n:al» ' ■/•* ".-.:v;or t TUB 

JoqporesL' 9 

Prax*: Jm Paroch* 
2qger -loon* 

Hay *>• Soeodnlo, 

100 por no» 
1200 por atiiuru 
J per annucu 
1200 pw annunw 
100 por no: » 
100 por nontlu 
r nonttu 
100 « 
100 " " 

100 " 

♦Returned to duty. 

- a - 

June 15 
Jtao 15 
Jane 13 
Juno 15 
Juno 15 
Juno 14 

I 35 
Juno 15 

> 00 
Jun« 20 
June 15 
Juno 15 
Juno 15 
J»srio 15 
Juno 16 
Jitno 15 

J; mo 
Jmo 15 
Jtmo 15 
Juno 15 
Juno 15 
Jano 15 
Jtoo 15 
Jano 15 
Juno 30 


StPKRi B* C0£flwoll t 
Cwrro'.: . onohoo # 
Free* 3h f 


Pall L© f 

Jtobort rr f 

:ar t 

Mvtn '-'♦ t.O ":t 1*, 

tattler, * 

Ml . I ms\+ 

Cheeter U Butlcrr t 
Hilton Um LlGhtom^allnort 


• .i'Dlfoy Poi^uoon f 

♦ *K>lsn t 
1 w. ". Ouol f 

Ploroo li Otrd 

* ."mol f 
Clarence £, T » 
Danni: . n-ttoon. 

Parfc r:fL--. 








W nonth. 























































































Juno 16s Jflno* BneoQll* Wmfk danger t rooicnoci • ♦ of fr b cloao of 

Jtan lotlw 
«rt 3t Bioiaioil, - ^taii^, . U ** WUI *f« offoctive at noon 

June 18 th* 
Loo tiro at close 

of Jtmo £ f ijm» 
Gecr il f T,aborar, reaif?. .* 'to at c 'tlw 

will, fl yirm t 2a rf t offoctivo at elooe of 

• * ~ «. - 

23rd, barlnc ***>» on ftxsOo^ 
by :/xir letter of Uovonbo 



Itr. # '♦ MiX t rrloo, 

arrived in the park caa Jtao IrStfe sad liao akioe boon on tuty hore» 

i iff * 

- 9 - 


W fowfryn^ o* foawfrfl I 

Sfcoro was no cozwtraotion mvier 
du*i<;;; tl 7 nonth« 

(b) :;i4^fW(WI Mfl MlPtfr ftf ^JBio^ ttEBBB—a» 

Hino men* In oTiarco of U ief 

Bunker timers !Briechmn f opened ti o road fron snow 

•oen June Oth to l~th f nnd on 
l^g day began the wortc of ope: Mount 

'"aehborn rood* eMoh wan completed by Jtf 

Ik Ranger Henry Anders a o^cwr of 

three nan f rule a trip around •: between Jttne Oth 

end 29th end cloano ibllc mi 

ronovir<g gartoago, to, and 

>n and teed tiiabor for 

-jon and La- ->,lrod the fane© 

aro Leh 

111 U30. 

Hwrk at the Buf folo Hone: sat loo 

iy fielde, ropfiiriiv fences, and its 

to buildln^e* 700 yards of fane©, ms washed out 
by hi^jh w*tor v vie rqplaoa&« 

trail on t : x> £ 

leading to Artist ?olnt t?.io extended loe 

down the r beiiv? ^ 

at Canyon t aone ar. be 

Yellowstone ?atffc Carf>a Con?*: 

(d) S9jTloq t.9 t-iff I'ubllo. 

!>ue to the umuraallr hoary tourlot travol, as 
ah«u by the anol ie fe^titro h1 con- 

siderable a v3naiv\orable 

nur. born bof&ro the , on Jun ; f 

and bee J >xn^ 6th the atrial charge . > wao nodi 

rt ark entrances ffcr antomoMloc 

All par': a tat one wore garrisoned for the easier 
befbre Juno 19 

Bie turn Information Of * oadquaertors, v/ae 

opened on June :Bth t and since tliat tlnp -tog boon ^ept_a«Bi 
daily fron . , *»«* « fo^Wd» 

tfcat any vial tore have cope 1 it 

to tl ie tina I nfmi i MnfH «aa divans 


r 47 

ciroulnars of lafornatian i*ero diatribut 
(d l f U5 r; 

175 aaflt --it by r&il t and ISV 

W: '10« 227 

iaaa?s# sn£ 5 Es^nc* Gui&e 

Gutdos woro furnished b;~ p foroe 

for tr 

in, bag! 1 HWlioBhf two tr' 

Eo 1 MMea those 4a1 B wore 

wato b^ 17 844 tourists 

too': cArmtng* of thia service* \t the Bfjipw Oeyaa* 
Baaln two 5 tal of 4~ tripa fron Jtea 

19 th to rsotfcu 3io famiahinc of gui<tea free* the 
ran6W fore© 1 m 

famished heretofore by vis «& oa»t 

faafc Hamr-~ 
leetusree, f leal 

fo ' a bolnc nlven on the 

1 in 
sovorol e&aoa a rondo:' :«uristo 

by crar r& 

, r>at 

s*ie entire ngar ras required 

to look: aftor the tarao taffa; 
que fw» ri titive t 


•n pftaflMae toring the 
nani- • 

W itaJntmanaa and I mpair of Physical XLaaaaiamqaitt. 

9be «© v -an 

A oonnloted 
an far ao f 'orf* lay tie nonth* 

35ie c*wal was aprood to a do Inohee 

aod tho a steam rollor* As no nore 

l - 

funds are available for thio work t the crow will bo 
transf erred to road work In other parte c 

ghite y a Crari Bie o,w In olinrno of Foro- 
man T&iite remained on road repair wort: tail 
month* m o rood In the I&at For 

sorve and tho laot rfctranco rood over Sylvn 
down to tlio . o« ivree Caya wore required to ahovel 
onov ."« Paae t vjfcioh waa opened Juno 111 - 

On JUno 17th and 10th tho apr and 

anrdl nainteamme crowa wore :ent out to thoir 
roopeotiTO atatione for tha awnor. 3eronteon horoe 
oprinJJLorn and two onto truoi: oprinkloro will bo used 
thia aeaaon f to operate fron elovm diffarent stationa, 
on tho loop, rvs fbllowat rtnmoth, Boavo 
Gibbon Ho«Hewa f Mndiaon Junction, Pbsjoloior Ckr/oor, 
Upper B iff Credk, ^oot 

Creek, on! Caqyoxu A anall nadntonanoe orow will bo 
located at eaab of thaaa placoa to nnintain tlio roada 
in th-tt vicinity* \ 0o~ c* circular iaeoad 
becl o ac«xm al Inc location of t: 

oreva and giving thair oanoral instructions oo to 
it lee is on 

mail naintonaroo era* hao alac boon placed 

at BtfMflU trn^ 9ntk ml wm&m at bsmv Pa] . 

Central *opairo vara ria lo to ti o roods in all 
oootiona of tho PfirtCf and the whole oyoton plr«cod in 
the boat possible oon -he aoaoon* 

At paintera began tfc of repainting tho 

Sower Falle Hence >a t and thia was nearly cor>- 

ploted at the attA of to nont . 

3ie plunbor cotaploted the wat or old 

Faithful ifcitoraobile Cmp and turned on tho water at thio 

p 9 alao at M :iarr mobile Canpe, and 

did the uaual mintonanae worfe on pltnbins, lam hydrants, 
and tho water eyetcn at '^adquartero. 

Bwrployeo* at head^uort 
the usual work of 1 I >Ot card tat 

f hattlinc fiaerfeage, and gsnoral «W . 

In a&tttion to tho wavfc at Stowor Folia mentioned 
heretofore. Id considerable wo- :ad- 

quartore renovating on; quarto ted two 

sprint or wagone, two n 10 a number 

of sl£M Tor pootlnc in the parte* 9* lias tar 

nndo ono trip Into : t putt5 ro- 

pairl o that had booone flunagaf 

. Rio moot li^portant job at hoaflqp 
eror f vm the roncv 8 laveo roan vf 

rooently be use on or 1" 

OffiM* 0* Mil* ware eri' »od 

ready for occupancy on June 24tli« r rrork in 

adjacent r 00:13 f tfiioh arc later to be udo& an a 
I, li still in progress. 

Uia too carpenters spent a 
total of 26?n~ 'W* ranodWlliu: the old Baohelor 

Officers' *rs into a Hue- 

Office, anl a total of 17 tacr* tnaklnc toilet.: 
aont for public po« 

3ie balance of the no:vT wan apout in putting \r«jntilatoro 

ioo houses ••ipaire ie f and 

do: on trucks, w&corai, and pessoncer aatonobilos. 

3* alaakanitha waited on 
It wagons t rind paooencw nw' 
m 9 read c-owe. and aprlxfiO r orews, also for the Pork 

. Shay alao repaired and dressad toole tor the 
*r% painter f gamee* and Inc 

ro**d rtraes and grndoro* One nan epent pert ino in 

the parte ohoeinc homos at road oanpe* 

fltfK» ; tho gaorege apent the 

nonth repairing and ov 

aad trucks, lean paired 

and put in on the two aprinkl * 3ioro has 

toon ons nan in the notorcyolo shop oinoe Juno 10th t t*io 
has derotod all of 

3 10 elootrlolans and linoraon mat 
throughout the parte and mde temp- oalra pending mere 

pavMM I Mi tf Wfc la lo bo iena letaN 

:..o iee ll "I tirr; ayotor. % jr t ••: ; .v .tnrla at ; \"': 
headquarter* was oon^lotod ana pal in uoc a 19th* 

1 "a^ston consists of 117 - in 

sorios, the Guttor ".iton f -/Ith a , 

Voltage Kegula* * in posror otrio li-his wore aloo 

ino tailed at the public autono ^wioth # usinc 

the old street liri^tinr flxturon -o« 

3ie powor jftant was to rs daily xacp to end 

lnclulinr; the i9*h* lmt Bflrnw 

lntaine£. *• ■»* a 

- IS - 

f J is pro4a3tion t 4£DS kilowatt hour* -oat 

^ero ee3 ublic utilitioa oparvt! 

156 kilowatt fconro 

bal®tf>e of *m&% hours wor ! ,r 

i smt taHllnca and fa . po&ap 

to our i peafe: load of 43 "Kilowatt hoaro 


3^> 4L> aore field at the asrthora oatrsaae 
e& once June* It is planned to 

thie field for hay during the pi*G « 

k IJatoralir the 

" alf of . i^-' 

id «Ttemirde mde trij>c int : 
oolloctiiig data li reports oi floffore* mimala f 

%L featurae* ©to* I 7 ^ also a 
in 1 ^s «Rifrar»d in tr*e 

Inf i, and einilar oorvloe to 4 , 

axmth on routine T*>rk, Iwlnrtlng reporto f oo^reaponAenoe* 
parofc&dQ8 f naooimtir*?* olreula^a of 

instruction t season* ete# ; of 

♦ ' . LeiflS. lettere wore received fielal 

lot sad aerit 


awwiffBli tar ?Mft utmmn» 

About tiie only ir^xrowiont wrfc a jy 

tiie ifaUavateo* Portt Owm Cae£>mv 
a continuation of the ^or"; on the extension to the 

ng roon at the Canyon ion of 

a see earar oyster C?r^» 

&e Hotel Ooopaay collated the wc 

taodellae the interior of the Oett nrx>th l<ot 
, and it wr*fl reedy at t3*e hogi: -vaon 

of tMe 

Ifeta Oeoonge \3bdttatoor c ■,^".. : installation 

of a ^eeoline tan* 

ltr» (UA. XUsiiltcm contimod the W :,«e 

•tare *ft Lafte Outlet* Shia mae eoaf>ieted at th© h^rminc 

ie aeos a aeetent e tmo able to uae it* 

He eleo nade fair pvasreaa ith the addition store 

st the Upper Basin* 

- 14 - 

iffikitationi Under piano o 
Benson* AsoocUto rciltary to loo Public 

, LBaltod 30 t 

arrival imp?: on JUno Ht2w "inoo tfooir arrival* 

thoy ^a*a oon& ivwrtigatlona througjboul tho parte 

\tlvo to aouorr jacre Uflpo^ > con- 

trol, :ho quality of "»t 

at v Ln tbo par?:. i f o 

;r t vlatod J , * tllninc 

l>TDpoood work for t/*e ooaoon t ia one? Hravifea 

In addition to tho *»r> alroody in progr 
:i havo boon node for July .is followat 

in tho 1 an 

adoquato «rat-..-r ayotan for aupr Lo mtoraobr 


Ttm painters vrill boeln tho vof: of rapaintinc 
I out Ida of bulldinca Jtnrtoro^ 3bia is 

as^xmairo Job and probably camot bo oor 

fonoe fror. 
grrio for t lqf tho taffalo 

m Lnwr Valloy Murine the aimer 00 00 to aavo 
tho food fc o fenoo T7ill ba about 7 foot 

in 3 J not I033 tlus M in liano' 

and about 1-l/a niloo ln lonctfc* 

A now log rewff station la to b* to ro- 

placo tho o1 ountaiu. r this 

buildinc call for a bul lb will bo diridoft 

into tvio rooria of about oquai aliso, 

a |m mMb aoi log tarn »ill to oonotmotod 0:1 


at a aito ofcoro it lo propoaod to pat iol hay for 

\7intar uao of ttio 1 

ttil tho bar 40 foot Ida* B01 

flooro and ooilin&i Will bo of boards, «d tho roof 3 nill 
bo of board* coiorod \rlth rubboroidU Plana log 

bolldiaga Uavo b<**n ai^ttwod by Load* 

- 1. 

usual em : 

i0Qr on 

. trail 
6har ; 

w f r*ora tbe p*oao 

oona<*ofcin(c , nt» 

3iia erow ^ri.ll also repair t2i© enwnahoo 
Creole ani 


Till- » 


not yt*it boon conpl 


fflff^lo, y:pQ - .^: 19 of tto boot spools 
baf frilo Uallfl fron 
lian JXwo 19th for 

lots hopro vlolt 
rlo* tbOBto On Jxmi .Tlst, r ' /as 

to (bo ^orlntoivi Bit of :J 
tmior authority tated Doc 
vm n&4e on Juno lit to ohlx 
Sheridan, tot, due to an loitont 

of the traofc In *lbh It too boluc tmm 
jjdtobe ::iliod% A tpooLv 
of tMo aaeidont* •> 
taring the nonth. IT ool*oe were tern &u 
* total of a? to *• 




■ NHS , 

mo wfla 

3o report* mm roooiyed of 

M - 

hi wm wmm rx Urn Mnyn« ' t'o* pi 

dgpW ain* rl>oro thoy faraiah nnob 1: fei touri 

vi in ono ovarii^ 3*e becOTT t»oi *** re 

loot yonr an the road between An* and Late, k» «ain 

5£e oitalope aw baok in the agent aina on 
ABOd Tiat lit Mo hm booa noon o 

Do>rs Do-^r a*© eoon froqpmitly at part: heodquv 
md at nan? st 

^i;^ Indication aro tliat fcioro uill I* a ooodly 
increaee in the olii r.orda tkia soaaotu Host of 
Pi b*fc in the now EtalM* art i *•" *o« w« •» *• 
rial ao late ao Juno notSi. 

Ml -titiriote tr: ■ 
hn Er '- - ' " : n ***** an/yy. .- o 

eigit of a ^ai» dhaei> # ttoroo of that 

-j eroa vilfe 

-Jtt" 1 «a"tie dteklaroo of .irlnc *5 

onaed an eatfellent f f owfoe for next 

3-i eurplue horaoc I are Wing bold in 

a corral *& Create, trfhioh io conven* >cntod 

to !*3ad<ia*rtere» 

^t in a hard of 44 hersmi, on juxw 
fccic w.qGl ao aa • lo hore ea at old 'aitbra n whs 
^m t thoao at Old :-V. **• Creafc, 

tlioee at Grand Or. 

in 71 horeeo en Juno 7th and aro 

ja and a tm for i» S*J 

Sfieee are diatrlfcuted aft m , and at 

r Geyear Boaiiu 

\erdo of to 
• in tlie p*rte« Jheoe iwda oonsiot of nllfc oowe 
for fiamitftiac froah nill: to the 
One herd of 9B t brro *** on 

fimtrus fire?; a srsr 

Tloinity of (^jomP o Lanaaryt on ontinel Cro 

Oi^ior th ^**- 3ie third herd, imV oad, were 

- 17 - 

bj-oo -at in aas 17th f «n« 

Orm&i and fc 

| Wttt0T t*as imtil 

tl W Mooted, flshln* .unfair 

by nany tourists* 

Ac r ^ 



aiaall trllx 


\' f 





Flat: l«aem f 3 .'o&L oh the 11 


* 17 

- . 

am wor* i:ttar 

netei 1j 


'V, *a ,i » ' 

k, -, L J- 1 

and ■ ^T® 1 - 


ios wH 




MOT or 

?d iieaa 


arvl C 

«&ro tfc«i usual nunlK 

";\ . _ fi£ :■••' • 

too Corral ^aionor Haldrum* ?&o haa 
been an leave of a.-39;ic« t rotumo mo 

Qth t and ona nan wm triad before nira durinc Jmia for 
violation of n latioiuu tit, of 

, f waa triad on Pth ahnfgad tdth Tallin 

oxt' to carp fire in tlio public aitaisobila csnp 

8 trao fbund guilty fined 
>ata, ware paid* !tr» C* Bafcdtea* 

of Loa Aagal08 f ilifomiat was arrastod on Juno 50th 
for snac^lnc flUA Is *• Hia trial was 

sat for July 1 

In aavoral othor oaa a p?\rtioa woro data' 
for ap: aront violation of rag*] ;, bat npon 

investigation tliay wa "a turned lo >so oithnr fron lack 
of ovidonc© or fron ilia f ion afaowod 

that trial was not war taneao 

etaplo^ s of psrfc util ratoppod pork 

*irea wer© raportaO ■ nonth* 

Up to about Jun *&vy rrA tom 

but littlo clamor ftwa firoo 9 
patrola hare y f and as tba mmmkk sas, 

constant rigilwiaa is raqulrad to it none 

atartad by tourists leaving their csnp fires burning* 

A aarious ttWtdettl o 881 

ono ot our 3-ton Mar- a live buffalo 

bail in a arata» laft the road naar fee Lonar Hivar 
Buffalo : t irnod ooJiplotoly over* 2<e tr 

driron by JSLaatrioisn vrsnoia .. Bra fe 

and throe others t trueic at tha tine. • • 

3re£don was 

iajr injuries* MN Bragdon io 
r«ooovorinc <*^d io again able to ba about* 

P.anftor l^dHrard ?• Bw&zmmp&r 
injured on Jtmo 19 th tfion we roared and foil 

bar, In* tha bor i sad la pi io abdoraen* 

2Jiia as to ocourref. of 

duty* trae ' i0 ^° 

Obit n* t3irou$i 

ir off I" . " is rocovo 

id at ill unable to ran -os« 

Park Eaqger Hollia If. riSttheu, *o ;rm d-tnilad 

10 - 

ootoroycle patrol work, ^a° 1 
on June *od a vory painful sprain of I 

rUpt to • boon confined to :>lo bod and 

uni ootor'o caro» 3; la as r a» 

■ , ortod c >r 

foma to to GorrtpGnoatlon Cor* • 

Hr* W»B« '.oarnird, of Artamaaa City f 
foil Into tto :one t at t^o 3iwib of 

4 r/aa qulta an TOrned# 

afce Csnp -or nalical at to 

ibor.'r.a^loyod at the 3rr> to- 

nobilo "lean and c *or 

OMifHin, b** : *** cart ov ' n °^ a 

than to tho botton, a -Hotanoe 
of about 30 • \aido rrora a few cats and • to 

eaoaped with mt injury. 

Ttord woe rocoi7od bort J. 

Pottor, sttffcioaad at vor f i 'Oflt 

com irtc f had auf fcired a acorore laowatior 

tho rlf^it fcaae whila mounting -ton ongagsd In 

*n tho Uo'.mtaln 
'joto neoaon try to ranora hin J . 
qaaortoro, to otaila c o not boon ro- 

celrad and will bo furnlohod later. 

Dr. %% Cnaibuokt who fa- 
aorvloo to parte onpl. ooial arrancorarit t r*- 

porta that to rnda 04 cat la dart Jano. 

o Tna aooolvotl ^o 17th, 

.t arraic<**o&toi hava b on nalo by 

-joo to appoJ tor crewbue 

Latlfttwt '.^Mon, Baited tatee iHibl,- -.ith ' rrlc^ 
with rts* atasa 1 

heal'. of &° 

totals or <;iic H i lolalo, and I bo 

at libort;: to continue -ooont arm: sot ac 

a senaral J* nar cod physio Ian for part: eajployooa^ 

At the beertaiioc o, eaeoitt the Yollo ;tono 

Part: lal rvny anp 

Montana, to coifclxr al and nodical aorrice in 

tho pcv° ir^oru 

One case of riacips occurred anonc our orr 
dnr< bb« Utr- ' W* U t i. iott «ae 

21 - 

laid ug;> for a f«? dnya trith a 

8* throe lawn on the l&srsot Ranoa m&ar 
O&r&inor, &o • in 1-r.t taon peart 9 sra 

atr .mntine on accoxm^ of mm 



A Oaw^itar ma born to r nott t t 

vlfo of Bl*r t, ina 

at Liviv i or; iTuno 14 

:^arfe wrc furnished by Part? natural!: 

tt_WWMtt fl l ft ftf Ufflf* 
IraproTOd a Uttla 

.-joa and now 

•Ins, «r. 
amo as last nonth* Mln 

hjM bGOOW ■**& 03CtCT' * 

provad oil 

?,tivc t 


not active | How Orator and ?.!inata Han Q^aoro are plapii 


Amtain Go;; 
Goyeor n soon 


,fr t tlr or C^iaar tt**lni 01 

nor© or laid r 

K) nlnutv- 

-tto, Glont, and Glanter- 75 

3oohlrn mfMV *** ••* N«J fcB0m t 0Upt ° Pand 
Qayaor io & 1 *i»o orations 

i Castle QOT»or writ ito norml activity? tho 

-toII on 
ranarfcably r ovular perioda of aeran houra and throo liouro 

>ol3, and 

Birda, for June, prepared 

tod ©anarally t ^* *» Serration 

poated in adrame, tat 1*0 Otao ao po not r in 

a to be imluaod v.- : r»trt Mr ' T ^% ; opiaa 

of M for Jtolft 

are also enclosed* 25^ o notee oroato 
on V 
of Ifei 

nft 1g£**1 X^O-'Otary of the I and t?*o Oaugjtora* 

^~ lr< th f arrived 

Yol] t •»• ** wil1 1©&to the p**te via Cody, 

on JUly 3£h« 

.arable atephan 
Park Sorrl ^^ 

stone t' 
wro : . * 
T.i;: ' Engineer* . 


all of 

aln. . . ^ncor 2raf: rt 

tmrmd to 3Pane Ifi • 

v. ::. ., en* of the tfcxiosi Pacific 

3yat«, arrived ; 
ame Gateway the 

About 45 mrftera of 
tftmn's Clifee arr -Jth at ** "S*£ 

aardinor entrances, leg? • ^nonc 

a mmtom 

oy» ^ 

Ch&ir*nm, fl» of Con0ervition f q>f of 

Itaiation; I . ^»ee !>ieb#rfc f of Jota - *it f 

OUainaait Legiel&tlv* De ~>am f o 


r*oaota tafc 
red Jtac 

i . e ieycrr f o 
taadat 3oaroh* Un5 £*• ^/ 

waa in the parte June 20th to 24th con&ue 

t UniTcv • Invest lotion 
of -.tulioia, and was * saetploo 

of soil froa isolated plaooe ' ♦ 



Parts* rial tod y Jnmo * 


Of 3T»Ml0 AflOOOifi * 

igfco f vloitod tho park on 
June • 

>port« and Jttblloity 
agent for t Isltod 

| i «Ml M JNttB 1 "••* • 

- Goorco Bird Orinaoll, of How Tor*c* '*th 
&lo fariily* antorad tl*e p&rtt via 10 rwh 

and • 

;>r -Mrl't. - -0 2tew X< 

to Collogo of Poro ^ 

on June 29t!i sal 1 <re® Q? tih© 

For 00 1 mid iSr&ll Cnrp* 

♦ John B* SWOT, 
arrived on : • - o ia a noted 

ifcilmthroplst »id ite tmo In * <*• 

TOT 1W" ^ aa~ 

0^ vioos Of -3VI aspects to trawl 

In soft around th© parse aft 3oson* 

-oonan, a n&a&lne 
la oollootlixr notorial fox* m article on Y^llor?cto: 

or drain *ivod on Joao 2 * » ko 

<3nborfco& f frwi Limine? 
boat for a trip t • >*- ly wa*e** 

. Carl Botai id leoturor* of toc-^oto, 

ml«n f ont^rod the part: on • 

Profoaaor T taori t&ehar t of 

Landaofg* Ar*l tee tore mid Poro ' AertotflLtor?* 

Mae Xwcrl^a 

J^mo 25th rla a^rdii^r* 


1 the oartc on June • 

jtotoi *imintht 

parte \t111 ermine paafe Strom • 

TTflCd., of th# 
Ufciwoity of 


oon loot ion witl Mo invest i£ - 8 

rm were oonf in ■**• 

So aoti xro oporatoro rial* *«* 

toriic - *° latt 
to toi - . 

uiorm c: 

the direct! 

on Juno 33rd Cor the beno 
Siy w-1 twice a *eek i '# •*■* • 

u^o cqt lecture on t**>© H»aii HaiionaT 
i lustrafcod tier colored al3 
Jm» lot: , Tor fee Ixwiafit of part: ocplo;/eea* 

r -.mvoh aapyip Mi llorning md examine oerrtooo 
MftMl HfUeu* - ' .ovo-o:-.i v\ v.ta hpA, rf 

oorvlooe were hald as followot -. ^ ..^ 

June 23rd, 

Juno 23rd f '• JJ Iaw# 

Pahllolfrrt overal naaopogror *cp< ]l ° 

parte at tlSStoSc the «»i ■* I* *» 

Given the pa* th«N£h thalr offorts. 

For the first tino te Ihe J Yellowatonr 

a no****** office t» *.*» f 

and placed on e*e at all;*™ goor 

Office* Si la wrfc la in 
ted by n 

.A) 301I- 

Bomw office ate tiw nur.bor- 

have lw*n lajiied* Copic mribara are enclosed 


tol W i W . a SSr «» -* ^ l039d 

herewith. Circular I • aoftodiea inaxroox^riD w 

i f la not yot coci 

■ - 

S*o*o 1© onoXooaa a report ♦ on the ragulttt 
Uofe foma, of momos looted, and traaai 

(lurtnc tl* rontl: of jana. 2 o to ™° 1 ™?^' 

. , m rtmm -©port, is aa»rilKia no follow* 

Postal l&may Ordar, N* 4o459 t totod June 6, 

by She Pooteastor at Mteit ^ rjL 

Poatast ,. to ycxur ordor, • P*« 

Ghatft Bo* 414. lata! J*» 10 f 19& # *«m to ;/our ortor 

:' ; ' „♦-.: Eotoi cocrany, on ts -■ 

of Hwt ^ttanat • •••• •• * 

Cha^" Ho. 1727 f dated Jtoo W. Ua f drcim to ;/onr 

A the Hationaa Baifc of Holes* Montana, .••• .. THW 

9>td **• 

jygQQuagiaaffsant of rooeipt of tha oooloaod nonoy io 



( the Interior, 


July 1, 1921, 


Q?o: ^hester A* Lindsley, Acting Superintendent, 

From: LI . P . Skinner , - ar" : B atur al i st . 

Park Ilaturalist Skinner prepared a set of monthly 
notes on flowers, geology, animals, and birds: 48 sets v/ere 
posted on bulletin boards, and 377 sets were given out from 
the Information Office. Plans v/ere made for cases aid flower 
mounts for the museum, and some collections were made, Scien- 
tific activities in the Park were supei". ised. Uanagement of 
the Information Service was continued until the 20th, and 
then relinquished to the -anger Service. After the 20th re- 
ports on Guide Service and information Servic ade to 
tie Superintendent. Data on natural features were collected 
every day. Inspections of forests were made and results re- 
ported. Other studies pur ued by him, resulted in his notes 
on Seasonal Changes and Natural Phenomena, as embodied in 
this report, r'our days v/ere devoted to special work assigned 
by the Superintendent. 

Jmie 20, 1921 

Dear Sir: 

During the latter jjart of the Park seacon last year I 
was detailed from the U. • ervice, by request 

of the Director of II 3, to \ number of the 

national parks for tl survey of the sani- 

tary conditions, and prep ve- 

monts should be muflii 

I visited Y llo tional r , as you no doubt 
remember, a few days before the close of the park season* The 
substance of m; oorer -od was that 

the problems of sanitation suu ocuring end maintrini. 

re water supplies; providing for sewer > terns and 
plants; pro collection and 

disposal; and the supervision over n general v/ere 

not being handled ffioient *y should be to properly 
safeguard the health and comfort on visitor in 

the Park* final rec was that an experic .' 

sanitary engineer from the U. S« ublie Health Service be 
assigned to the If* vice for irpose : ^r- 

vising the sanitary improve B 9 and 

that assistant sanitary en lied for permane 

duty in t artless -rrere most needed. 

plans outlined in my report for t 1 as all t 

other vrere accepted and I lied to carry out rk. 
Jr. Assistant Sanitary Engineer, • ler, was detailed to 
this park for permanent dut orted here on the 

11th of June. inoe that date we haw examined all the important 
water supplies in the park and the entrance: est Yellowstone 
and Gardiner, ana. hav 3 sanitary survey of the 

hotels and camps and their surroundir, ■ efore proceedi: g 
further with ork, however, i * to sub- 

mit a brief report givin at to acoon 

and especially to out be necessary 

between the officers of the Govern ad the officials of 
the companies ovmr I 

In additi fc outlJ rk to be done 

and the basis of coopei~ 


herewith a detriled report giving tho data collected on our 
flr3t inspection tj bfl data in the litter report will be 
the outline for thi m Her will do during the l 

park season. 

Very truly yours, 

inoer f 
U. .ervice« 

Mr* Horace ::. 

Supt* t Yellowst. . ' . 

Yellowstone Park t 




saihaiioi xv 

D U R I H G SEASON 07 1921 



Th. MUrt« outline he. be. P"P— * to indloute what wo* 
*ould be u*erta**n to i^rove sanitation in the Per*, and *• — 

whet -.«• t« " t» — t !••»•- «" t0 f ° 110W ^ ^^^ ^ 
work to completion. 

(I) of S~ag.. At all the prlnolpal Junction, map. 
will be prepared showing looatlon of all building, ^'. ■*■ 
^pply .ouro... PIP. MM, reservoir., .to., and a g~ral layout 
of propoaed ey.t— «d plant.. 

I., mvie. (dry olo.ete). The very oonditlon 
orl.lng fro. th. u.. of privy vault, mu.t be improved. It 1. th. in- 
tentlon to P re,are standard ^ for th. privy building. - vault., 
and to provid. general rul.s for .uparvi.lon ** upl^. It 1. 
b.11^4 that money will be .av.d * uni* a uniform .t«dard de.ign 
for privi.. with on. or more seat.. «d it is oertain that 
th. pro^nt Odor and fly nui.anoe oan be reduced .o th.t visitor, will 
ao t have oauee to oo^lain a. th* do und.r th. pren»t oonditlon.. 

(3) Th. sanitary mgineer detailed for |l Ml *»t, in the 

Pa* ha. fitted up a baoterlologioal laboratory in the old army *«*■ 
tal at Fort Y.llow.tone. aod it 1. the Int.ntlon to ma»e frequent anal- 
y.i. of a-nplee of water collated from the variou. supplies used in 

the Parte- 

(4) Garble Dieposal. 2h. disposal of garbage la satl.faotory 

la most places In the Parte, but it will be tba duty of the sanitary 
engineer to observe garbage collections, and the various garbage 
dumps, aid to maioe reooxonsndations for improvement whenever conditions 
are found that are a menace to the iiealth or aomfort of the visitors, 
lie principal objection to the present methods of disposal is the flies 
that breed in the garbage and this feature can be el iminated at a mod* 
erate coat. 

(5) Mosquito Control. During a recent inspection trip to the 
various junctions the mosquito nuisance was almost intolerable. Visi- 
tors and employees complained in no uncertain terms and many of the 
visitors no doubt would have remained longer at the different points 
of interest had not the mosquitoes been so numerous and active. It is 
not believed that mosquitoes can be entirely removed but there is ab- 
solutely ao doubt that they can be so reduced in numbers that visitors 
and employees will not be annoyed t&r them as they were during the recent 
inspection trip. It is our intention to outline the work that should 

be done to remove the mosquito nuisance, and to prepare an estimate of 
the cost of ditching or oiling at those places where there is a nuisanoe. 
It Is not anticipated that the sost will be prohibitive since explosives 
have been successfully used for ditching aM there is TST available in 
the Parte. 

(6) Inspection Service. It is believed that it will be to the 
interest of all concerned if an inspection service be inaugurated. The 


plan that has seemed most serviceable and practical is for the medical 
officer aid sanitary engineer of the IT. s. .Public Health Service to 
make a general inspection of all places preparing and serving food and 
water to visitors, or employees in the Ptffc, and to inspect the general 
sanitary conditions of all buildings nnd grounds to which visitors md 
employees have access, These inspections Mil be made at least once 
in every two weeks m& more frequent mm necessary, a written report 
signed by both officers will be submitted to fee toper in tendent of the 
Park, and it is suggested that concessionaires be supplied with copies 
of the reports pertaining to their premises. 

(7) Diarrhea aid Dysentery. Prom various sources it has bean 
learned that diarrhea or dysentery have been more or less prevalent in 
the Park in previous seasons, and the causes of these disorders have 
never been determined. Home have attributed the cause to spoiled food. 
others have blamed water or milk, while some have claimed that the ir- 
regular habits of visitors on first altering the ?*** is the cause. It 
is believed that a complete record «f the cases that come to the atten- 
tion of the doctors and nurses in the Park will throw considerable light 
on the cause of diarrhea and dysentery. Blank report sheets will be pre- 
pared end distributed to the various doctors and nurses in the camps and 
hotels, aid if each case is reported on them sheets it is believed that 
some valuable information will be collected. 

The blank report sheets will be distributed by the doting 
Assistant Surgeon ef the U. s. .eublic Health Service, Dr. Crawbuck, and 

he will oall or reports during each inspection visit ix> the various placet 
where nurses and doctors are in attendance. .bare there are no nurses or 
doctors employed ell oases of diarrhea or dysentery should be reported im- 
mediately to the acting Assistant Surgeon so that he can obtain the history 

of each case. 

Since I am cooperating with the Superintendent a of all the Nation- 
al Partes in the same manner as here at Yellowstone, it is my intention to 
collect similar data from all the parks in regard to the cause of diarrhea 
and dysentery. When gathered together the data will be very useful in adopt- 
ing measures for removing the causes of these disorders or diseases which- 
ever they may be. 

(8) Sinoe the sanitary engineer detailed to this para: has facilities 
for analysing water and will be expected to familiarize himself with avail- 
able -/ater supply sources, and as he will *>e special study of sew- 
erage systems, garbage disposal and mosquito control, and all other sani- 
tary problems, it will be absolutely necessary that he be consulted, through 
the Superintendent of the Park, before any new work is started or changes 
made in present installations pertaining to the work outlined above. If he 
is not consulted csompli cat ions are sure to arise since all plans for sani- 
tary improvements are being considered with the view of future developments. 

(9) It will not be the intention or purpose of the sanitary engineer 
or medical officers to oromul^ate or recommend arbitrary or oppressive rules 
or regulations, but there are certain fundjyaentai principles of sanitation 


that should M observed wherever people congregate together for any pur- 
pose, and it is to these that ;/e will confine our attention. 

The substijioe of the recommendations ed In his report has 

been disoueedd and approved by the Director of the National Parks and 
ths Superintendent of this Parte, and It is believed that these recommenda- 
tions can be carried oat without friction or material inconvenience to 
all partis 3 concerned. 




















1 > '■' 

/ > / 





U^- i U 

o A» 




> T- 



_ , 1921. 

Brief Outline of Work: accomplished during the month of 
by the Division* 

Fill out briefly and return to Mr. Linclslcy before the 
5th of the following month. Data needed for monthly report. 

June 30th p 1921, 

Brief Outline of ,7ork accomplished during the month of 
JMfte , .. ^ the Plu..;bins Division, 

Maintenance to Inside plumbing lawn hydrants and 
water system. Completion of Old Faithful Auto Camp water supply 

Fill out briefly and return to Mr. Lindslcy before the 
5th of the following month. Data ncodod for .monthly report . 

July 1, 1921, 


To: Chester A. Lindsley, Acting Superintendent, 

From: II. P. Sitinner f Park Naturalist. 

At Mammoth Hot Springs: Jupiter terrace has improved a 
little over last month; Angel Terrace opened in a new place and now 
has four active openings- ./hite Elephant, Bath Lake, Orange Spring, 
and Narrow Gauge terrace remain the same as last month, kinerva 
Terrace has become active to a very limited extent. Mound and 
Cleopatra Terraces continue normal. Hymen Terrace improved slightly 
in color and activity. 

At Norris G-eyser Basin: whirligig and Liud Geysers are more 
active than last year; .alentine Geyser has resumed activity after a 
two year rest; Constant and Llonarch G-eyser s are inactive; Bath Tub is 
not active; New Crater and iiinute-man ^eysers are playing normally. 

At Lower Geyser ^asin: The Great Fountain Geyser is playing 
normally and the Fountain Geyser has been seen to play once at least. 
All other features are normal. 

At Upper Geyser ^asin: Old Faithful is playing more or 
less regularly at 63 minute interval; Daisy is stronger than ever 
and playing every 75 or 80 minutes; the ^rotto, uiant, and Giantess 
Geysers are playing normally; .Beehive Geyser has not been known to 
play; the Grand Geyser is giving fine eruptions two or three times a 
day; the Castle Geyser has resumed its normal activity; the Riverside 
and Lone Star Geysers are playing well on remarkably regular periods 
of seven hours and three hours respectively. 


v*&&: !. P. Skinner, Parle naturalist. 

Botanical: The nonth has "been notable for its fine 
growth of flowers and other vegetation, 
Vari-colored masses of bloom were common 
thru out the Park. 

Below the 6000 feet level, the follow in 
began to bloom: False For^et-rie-nots on the 2d; 
Iris on the 3rd; White Geranium on the 12 
and lid .to bob on the 17th, 

liear Mammoth: wild Onions on the 3rd; wild 
Flax and Solomon's Beal on the 11th; water lo 
on the 12th; XUtterroot on the 15th; and 
Harebell on the 27th, 

On the Park plateau: dogtooth violets common 
on the 1st and were probably blooming the last 
week of lay; Little Elephant© on the 4th; 
Fringed Gentians on the Sthj Blue-eyed Grass 
on the 7th; I arah J arigolds on the Continental 
Divide on the 8th; Coral Hoot (orchid) on 
the 12th; Camaes on the l6th; Lupine and Col- 
umbine on the 17th; and the v/onderful border 
of v/aterleaf was found on the • ahburn 
roadside in full bloom on ;h, 

= irds: As usual, the Bine Siskins appeared with the 

first dandelion seeds on the 2d and were later 
joined by Cass in fhxrple Finches in their 
feasts on these noxious weed- seeds, 
migratory birds; Cliff Swallows arrived on 
the 3 r &» Western Tanagers on the IJth, and 
whthawks on the l6th, 

oth, a Killdeer brood was hatched 
on the 1st and another nest at an even later 
date, wer notable features was the finding 
of the pair of Little Brown Cranes with yoi 
near the Great fountain Geyser on the 7th; 
Bal les were nesting for the third season 
near the Fishl tdge on thj Cliff 
Swallows were nesting under the Fishiag Br J 
and the Trout Creek bridge on the 9th; and 
Cepreye were brooding their ,t the Canyon 
on the 9th, 

Animals: .ilk herns were one- third crown at the end of 

month. : calves liave appeared in rather mere 
than usual numbers thruout the month. 

Season is now normal. 

report a: SE. B. 


anical: The its fi] 

crc t flower 8 and other vegetation, 

Vari- colored masses o 

"began to bloom: Fi 

Iris on the 3 rd '» White Geraj 

and Wild 

he $rd ; 
:' b Seal on 
or itterroot on the 1 

9 Parle ~olets common 

on the 1st and were probi 

tians : .-eyed Grass 

vide on the 8th; : - on 

mass c d1- 

of water] cund c 


B usual, the Pine Biskins appea- 

fe kiese nc 




e show herd of 18 fine BUFFALO are on view at the Corrals near Mammoth. So far, 60 calves have m<*. 
appearance in the tame herd this year. The wild herd, too, seems to be increasing. 

)UNTAIN SHEEP are on the high mountains, but occasionally seen on Mt. Washburn. Young lambs are now 
nonth old. 

ITELOPE are seen occasionally along the road from Tower Falls to Mammoth. The little kids are now two 
hs old. 

,K are working up the high mountains to get away from the flies. Bands are still being seen on the grassy 
s of Mt. Washburn. The horns are still covered with skin and two-thirds grown. The calves are one month 
larker in color than the parents and spotted with round, white spots. 

1ER might be seen in ones and twos at almost any point throughout the trip. Horns are still covered with 
and nearly grown. The fawns are two months old and spotted with white. 

AVER are shy but might be seen at almost any point in the evening, but not in daytime. On Glen Creek be- 
ne Buffalo Corral, in Willow Park, along the Gibbon and Firehole Rivers, near the Yellowstone River bridge 
7 Tower Falls, and beside the road from T. J. 12 miles from that junction and 6 miles from Mammoth, are the 
likely places. They are now leaving their houses and dams to lead a more or less wandering life until autumn. 
YOTES are common enough and often seen, but wolves and mountain lions are too rare to accommodate the 

ACK, BROWN and CINNAMON BEARS are all the same species, just as we have black, white and yellow 
They are beginning to appear about the dumps near Old Faithful, Lake, Canyon and Mammoth, and in ad- 
i might be seen at almost any point along the roads and trails. The cubs are now about five months old, 
ig been born a month or more before the parents left their places of hibernation. No matter how friendly 
seem, all bears are subject to dangerous fits without warning. LEAVE 'EM ALONE ! 

IZZLIES are comparatively rare but might be seen about the dumps near Lake and Canyon after sunset and 
times before sunrise. Not apt to be seen in daytime, 


3 spring migration was finished early in June; all of the species that spent their winter in the South have 
3d and a good many have passed on. The first species to return, the Western Willet, is not due here until the 
f the month. Robins and bluebirds are more numerous than usual this year; all other species seem to be 
nt in their usual numbers. 

y is the month of young birds. Young robins and bluebirds are leaving their nests at Mammoth, Old Faithful 
-anyon; the speckled breasts are the distinguishing marks of the youngsters. Cliff swallows are nesting under 
aves at Mammoth and Canyon, and the young will appear towards the end of the month. Gulls and pelicans 
esting on Molly Island and the young birds should appear this month. Flickers are nesting about Old Faith- 

3 osprey nest on Eagle Nest Rock in Gardiner Canyon has four (an unusually large number) young birds. 
3 are four nests easily visable at Canyon, three from Inspiration Point and one from Grand View; another 
on a tree beside the East entrance road about five miles from Lake Junction. Each nest contains two or 
young birds hatched during the latter part of June. The whole osprey family might serve as a model of 
-tment. While the mother is busy protecting the young with her half-raised wings against the fierce rays of 
an, her mate is away fishing for the family. When he brings in her fish, as he does at quite regular intervals, 
ars it up and gives it to her in small pieces. This month he has to redouble his activities and bring in trout 
le whole family. At eating time, there is a notable lack of the squabble that takes place in the nests of other 
as; the young ospreys arrange themselves in an orderly circle about their mother who gives each bird his fish, 
j bit, as it is torn off. 

ig birds are singing at the beginning of the month; but one by one, the different species will discontinue un- 
r the end of the month, the fields and forests will be almost silent. 

Approved: M. P. SKINNER, 

Horace M, Albright, park naturalist. 






July 5, 1921, 


Honorable E.C. Finney, First Assistant Secretary of the 
Interior, with his v/ife and tv;o daughters, Misses Bernice and 
Edith, arrived in the parte, via West Yellowstone, June 29th, and 
will leave the park via Cody on July 9th. 

Mr. II. LI. Adams, Vice President of the Union Pacific 
^> System, arrived at V/est Yellowstone July 1st and leaves at the 
same gateway the evening of July 4th. 

Hhe Minnesota Bankers Association, numbering 

members, arrived June 27th and left via Cody July 1st. 

Honorable Stephen T. Mather, Director, National Park 
Service, was in the park June 19th and 20th, arriving at West 
Yellowstone the morning of June 19th, leaving G-ardiner the evening 
of the 20th. With Director Mather were Iir. H.T. Piatt, General 
Manager of the Oregon Short Line Railroad; W.R. Armstrong, Chief 
Engineer; 3.H. Prater, Engineer, Maintenance of Way; D. 3. Spencer, 
General Passenger Agent; and I.Ir. Brooks, Division Superintendent, 
all of the Oregon Short Line Railroad— Union Pacific System, also 
Mr, W.S. Basinger, Passenger traffic Manager of the Union Pacific 
System. All of the railroad officials returned to West Yellowstone 
the evening of July 19th. 

The General Federation of Women* s Clubs (Will supply names 

I later) among whom we re Llrs. John Dickinson Sherman, Chairman 

of the Department of Education; Llrs. Frances C. Whitley, Chairman, 
Division of Conservation, of the Department of Education; Miss 
Florence Diebert, of Johnstown, Pa. , President, Pennsylvania 
Federation of Women's Clubs; Mrs» & .7* White,, Chairman, Legislative 
Department, General Federation of "'omen's Clubs! etc.. etc. 


:*,r. Freeman, ^projpi^snt magazine writer, is at 
^amrioth Camp, He would like an interview as he is going 
bo write something of Yellowstone River, ^ould prefer tonight 
is he leaves in the morning via Gardiner, but will come in to- 
ne r row before he goes if better • 

Writes for Sunset and wants real information about the 
Irrigation projects, flood conditions etc. Expects to 
travel down the Yellowstone from Livingston by boat. 

^ h^^t 





Juno 1G, 1921. 

Dear Ciri 

On Juno 11th, one of our two-ton !'ack Trucks loft 
headquarters at 5i00 P.M. for the buffalo farm* It was 
loaded with a crated live buffalo bull, which was being 
returned to the ranch to be exchanged for a suitable one 
to ship to ; heridan, yo., an error having been made in 
selecting a suitable bull which was not discovered until 
the bull had boen hauled in to Gardiner. 

On account of a shortage of regular drivors at the 
tine, it was driven by hlectrician Francis E. Bregdon, who 
volunteered to do so. ccompanyin^; bin were his wife, 'r. 
and n i arland, and oper Lacombe net them 

a mile or two from the ranoh as they approached it about 8:00 

. . notice was received by telephone that the 
truck had left the road when about 500 yards fron the buffalo 
ranch buildings, and a serious accident had occurred. Doctor 
Crawbuck was sumnoned, and left at 9:35 with Ranger Dishop and 
took care of the injured nenbers of the party. 

All of the nen of the party escaped without serious injury. 
re. [oParland sustained lacerations of the scalp, but they wore 
not serious and she was able to return to Headquarters the same 

bA was very seriously injured, and for a day or 
two her condition was precarious. -ore of her ribs were frac- 
tured, apparently her lungs were injured, possibly by the broken 
ribs, and' slie also suffered from a number of serious abrasions 
on her left side and linbs. For two days her condition was 
considered quite serious, and the results doubtful, but she 
finally bega;i to nend, and now appears to be well on her way to 
a complete recovery. 

arefil 'nspection of the ground where the accident occurred 
indicated that Bregdon lost control of the truck at a point where 
the road is about 8 foet in width, where there was a rut about 3 
inches deep on the inside of the road. ProbaVy in .rying to 


avoid tho rut, ho lost control of tho truck and v/as unable 
to regain it before it readied the outsido bank. Fron tide 
point tho truck had left the road, and when it landed it was 
at tho foot of a steep bank 54 feet from the road, and 84 
foet Turther up the road than it was, hav « .ed completely 
ovor onco, and slid several foet of tho distance* Apparently 
it had boon supported to sorae extent by tho buffalo crate, and 
it ie probably due to this fact that more of the party wore not 
seriously injured. When the accident occurred the truck was 
traveling at a speed of not more than 10 miles an hour, which 
would ordinarily be considered ao a very safe rate© 

During the season of 1919, a truck belonging to ono of 
the Cooke City operators left tho road at this same point. 

• rogdon is an experienced driver. lie took the others 
with him without any authority, and no one connected vrith this 
office knew they were along until tho report of the accident 
was received. He is still with his wife at the Buffalo r^anch, 
and probably will be until she ie well enough to be moved* Upon 
his return to duty, he as well as any others who are responsible 
for tliis breach of regulations, will be duly reprimanded, 

Tho buffalo bull which was a vicious one, was killed while 
being released from the orate. Orders woro givon to save the 
skull and robe as specimens, but tho robe will not be of much 
value as the hair is not thick at this season of the year. 
A smaller and bettor-natured bull will be shipped to -heridan. 

Cordially yours. 

Horace . -lbright, ' 

The Director, 
national Park Service, 
Department of the Interior, 
Washington, D. C. 





■MM Of 

•:t .:; ii, 1MB 

fee fbllovlag lo *u report per year requeet on **o aooldant at tfce 
Buffalo ram Mm 11. 19ZL. 3ite import lo baood on faoto that X hope g a tfi w 
ed fton pmmil lnterrleve wl £1 all tio n» w5x> had in any way ii um mi H Iom 
with thio truek, or with tiio authorisation of lte trip to the taffaL ^am. 

SO begin with, rereonal ingestion reroeled that tfcia taffalo woo 
entirely to Iap^o fbr tue orate* northern i»lflo Afeat 9mm ftNMrrlllo, 
at Gerdiner f mourn. *m mm wiwtant to aooept *ipwnt t tote tall 
tao to bar* gono to •u 1 *>rlntendent of faiU Bar wreholl of t 
Ba rofuaad to bo ror.^nolblo for the oondition of tic tall or 
taut of t:» tall f o arrlviu at lto Jootination. After ooao qltln g vlth ;ir. 
Mndcley. we detemlned that It wouU ba mrlee for ue to aeouae tie ree onol- 
bility or tide JhflpMtt 

titer eoneldaratlon of thia rot tor. by tho i jgM tlon of »• inialey 
we t>o<*Jit It adrleablo to unload thia tall at tho buffalo oorral at tfamtfi 
for the aov herd. Buffalo :w <*r. aoooibe woe not at all in faror of thia 
note baaod aa tbo tmt that tha ball woe an eflteedingly rloloua aninal* ha 
would eventually omao trouble Ad nitfit bare Injure! cam ooanaotad witt* fee 
limdlli*: of tlueo wlnala or tourloto rloitloc tfio ooral. 

2 — 

then decided to return the bull to tha 8*ff*lc \am!i for replacement wit 

anal lor or.ii.icl a • 

could f -ta- 

tio: | tOnqgUHW ha csno to doley said asSs- 

3d i A cny c: fcj* fcaro 

ton aaiHaffiEBss3> true?: so. Jfc t bull. ::.r. Lind- 

eley refrained f able to 

consult wit lci&u t :La re of i&apisg Bredgon for t 

Ml ;ir« Allen vm engaged la i*#j:is&r wor*: betmtn tHwiiiimTTi «vx<l Horrid 
v?ero unable to ooiraaaic&te with him* 

She International trutflc v/itli Elr« Sredson drlvir^* ,-000 by 

■ Brodgon, /tot* scid Mrsu 0eor&e l'cFarl?*n&, ^10 is ec^loyed as a laborer 
Ixero, fceft Kamnc- h the toll fbr tha Buffalo 


t»3 di^ired perndesien to t tall to the raich, he 

did net mention to WN ^inoelc ujonbe that lie had 

any intention of bria^ - It was not 

knoam to any of your subor&i nates that these people iortly 

after G o'olook Lir. called me and n. Ml or "aid &tti 

afternoon, I told fate tfre c ircumetancos connected with 3rod£on*o taking 
bull out tfcothe ranch, ien sa* neatly inconvenienced "by 3rcd£on f e 

absence as it wui L4 neooo-; li eeitire ore^ f L^unday 

June 12. 

:*ully iritGEded to fetor wit lien la tor in the 

ovaiinc but unforooeti conditions prevented it. : HNt from 

until 0:40 \ :.:. Wbm assi 

— a 

Undslejr »m not if I* rj trftcl: had loft 1 1 leading into 

tho Buffalo tm 

Orartwc- | at 9j 

in the Doctor's car in response to this emorcency coll. We arrive I ranch 

at lli35 f tliia bolnc three hours af'- iaoidon. 

ordinc to :>octor Crattnicfe the seriously injured aro lira. Frank 
Bro -nl* tra. Bredcon's case bei;\~ almost critical 

at this tine. Baoanae of %~.\ >s had swollen to 

such an est extent of her 

injuries. 3o far as ho is able I idsntly ays We« 3rei£on sus- 

tain* : three twm\ * laft side above the ::oort t possibly a fractur- 

od shoulder blado and it is not at all Iianrobable I i austaine: a 

puncture in tho loft tafr In »4 ? in- 

ful JSbojwaiuuu Tnny 0R ier Hnb3. 

ifircu itor'arland sustained lnoorations on the scalp sad possibly a 
slight concussion, w «ari mA Laoonbc escaped w% -4urj. 

I fact that to stichoo were necessary to relievo Lira. Lfc7arlandAs 
injurioo combined v/ith a severe olidfid. .utasrous bruiseo she returned to 

LIsrsooth during Eio oarly part of tho nomine with tho doc tor • 

lay breal: today, Juno \Z% .aconbo and I made a t]iorou£?i inspection 
: o road and its conditions sacreoablo accident. V/ith a 

Measure we fou; . trned ovor 64 foot fron tlie point whoro, 

apparently, mechanical troublo or some fault In the road caused Brodpon to lose 
control of his oar. 2io point vsfiore we believo tie driver of this truck to . avo 
loot control, tho road noaauroo 3 foot in width* inside of v ore is 

a rut approximately tlir oo inches do o indications aro that Bredgon in 

— 4 

attempting to avoid tills rut, crowdo ' tlie bonk too oloooly. iSoe bull toaoinc 
In ita orato with tlie truol: travolinn ovor vsiat I TOuld call an unsound road, 
caused bin to turn hie \^ool In ouch a poaition that ho wan unablo to regain 
control. Si« troclai nado by the front viioola of tide tr rx that Mr. 

Bredcon otayod with the truck until It turnod over. 

She accident ooourrod along a bank of approximately^ to 40 degree 
pitch, tho truck nMfclng one oompleto revolution and atoppinc 34 feet from the 
top of tho road. If it had not boon for the buffalo crato, in all probability, 
thia acoidont would have been of a more oorioua nature. lie truck was support- 
ed, after turning ovor, by the orate viiioh fell on ita aide and slid about D 
foot. After questioning all of tho aoapoa e nt a their atorioa confimod with the 
point ti at the truck was not travel ine more than 10 miles an hour. I believe 
t:io to bo a fact for the road was in surih poor condition that it would have been 

jaible to iiavo driven over it touch faster with suoh a heavy truck. 

Ittfesf beoido Bredgon at tie wheel was Ha* MoFarland and to her 

t was lira. Bredgon, with Laoembe standing on tho richt ruxminc boar 
rarland ait ting on tho tool box on tho left running board, aredgon and UsV 
'arlaid wero tlirown clear of tlio true* beforo it left tho onbantaont. Laoonbo 
foreaw the accident and Jtrapod Juot boforo tiio truc:c turned, followed by lira. 
Breclcon riio saw hla move but in her atton t alio alipped, according to hor atato- 
raont to tho doctor and myself. As far aa I an ablo to ooraprehend, I bolieve 
she was struck by the buffalo orate ail jambed againot t truck. 

arland was unablo to nake any attempt to get out cab, consequent- 

ly tho cab was crushed down urc inning her to t wJxoel. tfhile 

tho truclc wao in nn upright poaitic >f the gas tank fell off, aatvrat- 

inc: arlsnd from head to foot with gasoline. 

Li accident happened within 500 yardo of tho Buffalo Ilsnch lailldi 
and ajolninc tiio fonoo aurroundlnc the liny fiold. reason of 1919 

the truck operate! by Llr. Hancock of Cool: Hontana, nc i oinilar ace Mont 

at tlla point. 

3io tlnmice to tho truck lo slight* It was removed this nornino fron 
tho scene of tho acoido aoombo and ono of his men, 

I cannot holp but call your attention to the \x>rlc in th a emergency 
Of ana Chriotianoon, employed as >7 ^aoonbe, who, with seonincly thor- 

outfi knowledge, administered first aid to the injured women and attended to their 
needs as lone as possible. i:or interoat and willingness ia worthy of our high- 
est oomondation. 

Dr. Crawbuok expressed his feelings very frankly about his inability 
to Iiave our mechanics attend to a few minor adjustments to hll car which was 
broucht horn on many occasions when we were traveling at an caoeesive rate of 
speed and unier the handicap of havinc no brakes and with these conditions the 
doctor took many very extraordinary chances. I rocTot to have to include in 

3 report tlx> fact that Ufa Brodcon, according to Dr. Crawbuck, is delinquent 
in two I of our required monthly feo and that ho, ?r. Orewtaok 

claims, was ono of tho few who would not earnestly cooperate in &*1ik: us 
medical protection. 

Aooordine; t0 01XC conversation lai ^ l3 • 

are vicious and extremely : ard to handle, I instructed Lacombo to kill the bull 
in question after he a* I with lantern, inspected the shoot from which this bull 
was crated. 9m anlrial has taken raooh of Laoombo'o time by his xwnanagoble die 
position and in addition, we haM been put to an expense of approximately $60 
by t2ie damage to our fongos ln ^ Q oorralo where thia animal fcaa been ftglt 

tho her&ercu lie laaa aloo boon informed by m© that ho is to conrmmioate v/i 
you at the earliest opportunity Remover an inatmce of tMo nature oriaoo at 

lluffolo tWfm ccairu II© was inotruotod to save the ooalp and tho bead Of thia 

octfully outaittod, 

^^ y^- 




July 3, 1921 

Superintendent Horace M. Albright, 
Yellowstone National Parle, 
Yellow etone Parle, Wyoming. 

Bear Mr* Albright: 

The following is my monthly report to you on the 
activity of the Hanger Service of Yellowstone Rational Parle* 
This report includes the general conditions, changes of the 
personell, work completed, work: in progress, work begun, 
plans on proposed work, changes in policy, arrests, reprimands, 
wild animal conditions, accidents, travel conditions and 
other matters of general interest. 

)fy report is as follows s 


(a) Road and Weather conditions. 

Preparations for opening the 1921 tourist season 
were practically completed with the opening of the month, show- 
ing an advance of practically two weeks over that of last year. 
Koads In all sections of the park around the loop, with the 
exception of Snake River, Sylvan Pass, Dunraven Pass and Mt. 
Washburn, were open by June 5. Three or four cars passed over 
the continental divide on that date. 

Dunraven Pass was completed by First Assistant Chief 
Ranger Harry Trischman and crew on June 13, witfc Mt. Washburn 
road open for travel June 24. Sylvan Pass was opened by Pore- 
man D. T. White and his crew June 9. All oars were held at 
the Sylvan Pass and Lafcs Ranger Stations until June 16 to per- 
mit this road to dry out. The same conditions prevail on the 
Snake River road between the Thumb Ranger Station and Snale 
River Ranger Station, the elements having cleared this road of 
all snow by June 10 with only small washouts holding up traffic 

The expense connected with the opening of these roads 
was held to a minimum figure and from all reports the general 
conditions of the roads are far superior to any report during 
the past 5 years. Minor necessary repairs on bridges and repair- 


- 2 - 

ing of anall washouts were handled under ray direct ion from 
this office. 

The Gallatin County road leading from West Yellow- 
stone through the park over the West Gallatin Range was pos- 
sibly in the poorest condition of all the approach roads. 
Bridges across the creeks and rivers were reported unservice- 
ble. Park Ranger C. 0. Daris was given instructions to make 
temporary repairs wherever possible. Reports were made to 
Gallatin County Highway Commission "by Park Rangers IT oodring 
and Daris regarding the condition of this road, following 
which, a crew of five men was ordered to the district from 
West Yellowstone by the county officials, but through a mis- 
understanding they merely inspected the district and then 
returned to West Yellowstone without making the necessary re- 

Roads leading to the park through southern Idaho 
to West Yellowstone were in very poor condition and almost 
impassable until June 12, heavy rains and high waters being 
responsible for the traffic delays to the park. Many cars 
between Henry's Lake and lonida were delayed from three to 
ten days on account of this road. Nevertheless, 188 more 
care entered nest Yellowstone entrance during the month of 
June of this year than entered during the same month in the 
1920 season. 

Favorable weather conditions permitted us to 
proceed with our work with no delay. 

(b) Travel. 

Contrary to our expectations, the month of June 
closed with our records stowing an increase of 2,489 tourists 
and 916 automobiles over that of the month of June of 1920. 
But tourists visiting the park with the Yellowstone Park 
Transportation Company fell below our 1920 reoord by 581 
visitors. The Yellowstone Park Camps Company losing all 
except 12 visitors of this deficit as near as our figures 
show. Attached herewith is a monthly travel report of the 
Chief Ranger in addition to the statistics of automobiles 
and passengers entering Yellowstone Park, by states, the 
various makes of automobiles, showing the number of oars 
entering and a comparative travel statement of the seasons 
1920 and 1921. 

(c) Labor Conditions. 

At no time in the history of this park have men 
for all classes of work been so plentiful, r.lore than 100 
applications in person and 450 written applications for 
temporary raiger positions have been received. The greater 


number applying fbr work In any capacity regardless of com- 
pensation* The ranger service personell is complete fbr the 
summer months* But three permanent positions will he allotted 
to men in the temporary rank to fill vacancies caused by 


The strength of the ranger force at the close of 
the month consists of the Chief Hanger, James ZteBride, First 
Assistant Chief Ranger Harry Trisohman, Assistant Chief Ranger 
Joseph Doughlas and acting Assistant Chief Ranger Ewind T. Seoyen 
and the following Park Ranger si 

1. Court B. Dewing 

2. Peter Lawson 

3. Thad C. Pound 
4* Roby Roy Wisdom 

5. Raymond G. Little 

6. Henry Anderson — detailed 

trail work, 

7. Roy T. Fraasier 

8. Ford Purdy 

9. Albert L. ricLaughlln 

10. James M. Dupuis 

11. George Winn 

12. William IT. Purdue 

13. Earl S. Bowman 

14. Calvin 0. Davis 

15. Hans Larson 

16. Sam T. ^oodring 

17. Clifford Anderson 
16. Wendell Mm Bishop 

19. Luther Custer 

20. Edward Burkett 

and the following W. A. E. Park Rangerss 
21. Emmet Matthew 

22. Eollls 1ST. Matthew 

23. Elmous Ilead 

and the following Temporary Park Rangers: 

24. William C. Troutman 

25. Russell Sprinkei 

26. Leon D. Mink 

27. Wendell S. Xeate 

28. Frank J. Parsoh 

29. Eugene Robertson 

30. Ray D. Teesdale 

31. Frank R. Knight 

32. Vernon S. Downs 

33. Forest L. Carter 

34. Edward B. Cogswell 

35. Carroll P. Donohoe 

36. Fred C. Finch 

37. Cyril C. Moore 

38. Edward P. Buctenmyer 

39. IJarguerite Lindeley 

40. Paul R. Wylie 
41* Robert J. Potter 




James S. Baker 
Roger D. Baker 
Frank H. Schramm 
John T. Needham 
Warren H. Loyster 
Gordon Cottier 
Earl D. Glynn 
Belknap C. Hawkes 
Chester L. Butler 
Hilton H. Lichtenwallner 
Kenneth W. Kreppene 
G. Shelby Ferguson 
Samuel A. Kaplan 
Florian J. Uble 
Pierce A. Gumming s 
Harold E. Pammel 
Clarence E. King 
Donald F. Mattson 
Douglas MoMnrry 

— 4 __ 


and the following acting Temporary Park Rangers* 

61* Robert B. Armstrong 64. Gordon Ridedale 

62. U. R. Cramer 

63. Clinton S. Ferris 

The fbllowing men will be added to the Hanger Force 
July 1, 1921s 

65. William H. Harrison 66* Bygone Cohn 

Mr. Cohn will act as a Temporary Park Ranger, while Mr. Harrison 
holds a W. A. E. appointment. 

Resignations were received and accepted from the 
following Park Rangerss Ranger Albert T* Bioknell, effective 
June 18, 1921j James Russell, effective June 16, 1921; Lee 
Cottrell, effective June 50, 1921; according to our plans for 
the winter of 1921-22, Mr. Bioknell and Kr* Cottrell will he 
reappointed during the month of September. 

The following resignations were received and 
accepted from men holding temporary Ranger appointments: 

Louis Druskin Jack Stratton 

Frederick H. Price Edgar E. Randolph 

F. Hob son Roe J. Paul Canpbell 

Alfred H. Clarke Henry 7. Capen 

Elmer P. Little Philip R. Hough 

Robert Wilkinson. 

The following 1 s the detailed assignment of all 
Park Raigers, permanent, temporary, and acting, with the dates 
the temporary Park Raigers and acting Park Rangers were taken 
on the National Park Service Payroll. 

Chief Ranger James LtoBride is in charge of the en- 
tire ranker force. 

Assistant Chief Raiger Harry Trischman, in charge 
of the Northern District, trail crews, and subject to special 
assignment by the Superintendent and Chief Ranger. 

Assistant Chief Raiger Joseph 0. Douglas, in charge of 
the Southern District, with headquarters at Lake Ranger Station. 

Assistant Chief Ranger Ewind T. Scoyen will be in 
charge of the Western Distriot and in charge of station at Upper 
Geyser Basin. 

Ranger Wendell M. Bishop, in charge of the Chief 
Raiger' s Office stationed at Headquarters. He will also be in 

oha^e of ^amoth Ranger Station and motorcycle force. 

— 6 — 

Mammoth Hot Springs Banger stations 

In charge of station and Chief Ranger's Office, Banger 

JeoAell :u Bishop 

Bane Larsen Sari D. Glynn 6/14 

Don ?!atteen 6/20 n&vy A. Rolfe 6/13 

Pierce A, Cuming* 6/15 rsarguerite Linasley 6/1* 

Kdw. B. Cogswell 6/15 Gordon Cottier 6/15 

high D. Cramer 6/15 Peter Lawson 

Gardiner Banger Stations 

In charge of station. Park Hanger ?had C. Pound. 
Albert U maughlin Court B. Dewing 

iiorris Banger Stations 

In oterge of station. Park Kanjer Key ft Frasier. 
Clinton S, Ferris 6/23 

Jadiaon Junction Ranger Stations 

In charge of station. Hanger 3eltaiap 0« Haartoa 6/15 

Fountain Banger Stations 

In o targe of station. Ranger William C. TJroutraan 6/15 
Chester I* Butler 6/10 Vernon S. Downe 6/15 

Upper Basin Ranger Stations 

In charge of station. Assistant Chief Kanger &elnd 
T. Scoyen Florlen tfbel 6/l5 

Frai* J. Parsch 6/15 Bwgone V. Robertson 6/15 

Bay S. Teeedale 6/15 Fred C. Finoh %fr$/£ 

Gordon I idsdale 6/15 

j?humb Raider Stations 

In charge of station. Park Ranger anther Custer. 
Clarence ■• King 6/15 

Snake RlTer ranger Stations 

In oterge of .otution. Park Ranger William H, Purdue. 
Earl 3. Bowman. 

Rlterslde Ranger Station: 

In charge of station, ark lian^er Ford Purdy. 
Samuel A. :<aplan 6/15 

Boehler RiTer aai^er Stations 

In charge of station. Park Ranger Raymond G. Little. 
Robert J. Potter 6/15 

West Yellowstone Banker Station: 

In charge of station, Pferk Banger Sam Hurless 6/8 
Cyril C. itoare 6/15 <*• Shelby Ferguson 6^15 

Gallatin Ranger Station: 

In charge of station. Park Hanger Calvin 0. Davis 
Kenneth VJ. ICrippene 6/15 

Lake Ranger Stations 

In charge of Station, Park ranger Edward Burkett. 
Clifford Anderson Elmous M. Mead 6/15 

Wendell S. Keate 6/15 E. P. Buotenmyer 6/15 

Rohcrt Armstrong 6/15 
Upper Yellowstone Rarger Stations 

In charge of station, Raiger Milton H. Lichtenwallner 6/l5 

Sylvan Pass Hanger Stations 

In charge of station, Park Ranger Roby Roy Wisdom. 
James S. Bater 6/20 Roger D. Bater 6/20 

Donglas MoLIurray 6/l5 

Canyon Ranger Stat ions 

In charge of station, Park Ranger Sam, (• Woodring. 
Paul R. Wylie 6/15 Harold E. Pammel 6/15 

Carrol P. Donohoe 6/15 Warren H. Loyster 6/l5 

Tower Falls Ranger Station: 

In charge of station, Park Raiger James It Dupuis. 
Frank H. Knight 6/15 Frank H. Schramm 6/l5 

Soda Butte Ranger Stations 

In charge of station. Park Ranger George Winn. 
F. L. Carter 6/15 

Motorcycle Squads 

In oharge of squad. Park Ranger Wtadell lU Bishop 
Emmet S. Matthew 6/15 Russell Sprinkel 6/12 

Hollls K. Itetthew 6/15 Leon D. Mink 6/15 

John T. Needham 6/l5 

mm 7 — 

(a) Jneaves. 

Leaves of absence were granted to the following 
mem Albert f« Bickneli, fourteen and one-half days, June 
2 to June 18 noon, following which his resignation took effect. 

James J. Kussell, six days, June 9 to June 16, 
following which his resignation took effeot. 

Park Ranger Clifford Anderson, five days, June 3 
to June 8. 

Park Raider Calvin 0. Davis, one day, June 4 to 
June 6 noon* 

The following men have been carried on the payroll 
pending disposition of their cases as a result of injuries 

Temporary Park Ranger Edward P. Buckenmyer, Lake 
Ranger Station, injured June 19 when his saddle horse rolled 
on him. He has been confined to his quarters since that time. 

Temporary Park Ranger Hollis ■• mtthew was injured 
June 22 while on motor patrol between the Sylvan Pass and 
Lake Ranger Stations. He has been confined to his quarters 
since that time* 

Temporary Park Ranger Robert J. Potter, Bechler River 
Ranger Station, was injured while clearing trails June 30. The 
extent of his injuries are not yet known. He was taken to 
the hospital at Ashton. Idaho. 

(b) Vacancies. 

Through transfers to various other departments of 
the national Park Service, the following vacancies on our force 
have occurred) 

Park Ranger Henry Anderson, Soda Butte Ranger Station, 
was transferred June 8 to the trail division where he is to 
have charge of all trail and cabin work for the season. He 
was detailed on that date to clean all public automobile camps 
along the main loop road and to wreck condemned government and 
former concessioners' tailidings. 

Park Ranger Lee Cottrell, Bechler River Ranger Station, 
resigned from the ranger force June 2, by your request, to 
return to his former capacity with the engineering department. 

Park Ranger Albert T. Bicknell, Lake Ranger Station, 
resigned June 18 to return to the Yellowstone Park Boat Company 

-_ 8 — 

where he has had charge of the operation of boats on the 
Yellowstone Lake for the past five years* 

Vacancies caused by the above resignations will 
be filled by the required number of temporary rangers who 
consist of the *b How tag vitio are endeavoring to obtain 
permanent raxger appointments; 

Forest L. Carter, Soda Butte Baiger Station* 
John 1*. Nsedham, Motorcycle squad, 
Chester L, Butler, Fountain Hanger Station, 
Samuel A, Kaplan, Riverside Hanger Station, 
Clarence &* King* Thumb Hanger Station. 


(a) Physical improvements. 

Melting snow on mountain highways made it necessary 
for us to detail rangers to patrol these roads with Instruc- 
tions to clean out culverts and turn all running water from 
the road. Sylvan Pass, Canyon and Tower Falls Districts re- 
quired attention until June 9. 

First Assistant Chief Ranger Harry Trischman, with 
a crew of 9 men, was detailed to snow work in Dunraven Pass 
to open this road :ft>r regular tourist travel by June 20, This 
work was completed on June 13 in record breaking time. On 
the following day, Trischman with his crew moved their camp 
to Mt* Washburn where work began clearing mountainous highways 
of snow, June 14, This mountain road was cleared of snow June 
24 and the road base was then placed in first class condition. 

Park Ranger Henry Anderson with a crew of three men 
made a complete trip around the park between June 8 and June 
29 cleaning public auto camps. Garbage piles in these camps 
were removed, toilets repaired aid fallen timber cut into fire 

Park Raxjgere Hans Larsen and Peter lawson completed 
repairs on the Black Tail Deer Creek horse pasture fence. This 
fence has been in need of repairs for several years but is now 
strong enough to hold a small herd of horses held 4n this raqge 
for emergency purposes. 

Operations at the Buffalo Ranch include irrigation 
of hay fields, repairing of corral fences and minor improve- 
ments to branch buildings proper, three hundred yards of 
fence along the Lamar River had to be replaced on account of 
a washout taking approximately forty-five thousand square feet 
of meadow land. 

I - ■ ■- 

Ira D. Flailing, keeper of the Slough Creek horse 
ranch spent the month preparing to harvest the hay crop and in ' \ } ^ 
general improve operations at the ranch. He was assisted 
until June 4 by Park Banger Clifford Anderson. 

(b) Service to the Public. 

Surpassing all records the 1921 tourist season form- 
ally opened to the public June 20 with 715 tourists enter- 
ing the park, while up to that time 2,810 visitors were re- 
ported* On the opening day all stations were garrisoned, roads 
were in first class condition and concessioners were ready 
to accommodate visitors in the usual manner. 

Instructions were issued to Park Haxger Thad 0. Pound 
on June 6 to charge all tourists the required entrance fee to 
enter the park. 

West Yellowstone opened its gates June 8 but poor road 
dimditfcons were responsible for very llgjit travel until June 11. 

Park Hanger Hoby R. Wisdom opened the Sylvan Pass 
entrance station to travel June 16 and to date his records show 
that he has already entered 561 more visitors than during the 
month of June 1920 when all records were broken. 

Washouts in the road at Lewis Falls held traffic off 
the Snake Elver — Thumb road until June 18 when the gates were 
thrown open to the public. The south entrance has entered 19 
cars and 61 people more than was entered daring the month of 
June 1920. 

You will not on my attached travel report that 3,070 
more visitors have entered the park by their own transporta- 
tion than entered during the month of June of the 1920 season. 
The opening of Sylvan Pass rail travel showed an increase of 
166, while the north or Gardiner entrance, according to our 
records, shows a loss of 522 visitors and the West Yellowstone 
entrance a loss of 225 visitors. Of the 3,051 rail visitors 
to the park utilizing the accommodations of the Yellowstone 
Park Hotel dompany and Yellowstone Park Camps Company, our 
records show that the hotels registered 701 more visitors than 
the Yellowstone Park Camps Company. 

Telegrams, messages and articles lost and found were 
handled fbr the following visitors by the ranger service dur- 
ing the month a 

Telegram for C. E. VanMeter contained a death message 
received June 21. Party had checked out the V/est entrance on 
June 20. 

Telegram for Dr. A. F. l^er by telephone from West 


I - 10 - 

Yellowstone, was received June 21 and delivered to Dr. %er 
at Mammoth Hot Springs. 

Telegram to Mr. George Ililes, employed "by the en- 
gineering department at the Lake sprinkling camp, contained 
message of the death of his father. It was received June 22. 

(c) Lost. 

Mr. S. L. Tompson of Colorado Springs, Colorado, re- 
ported to the Chief Rangers Office June 24 that he had lost 
a coat near Tower Falls containing $10.00 in cash, $40.00 in 
travelers checks and his automobile permit. This coat was re- 
covered for Mr. Thompson June 25. 

Mrs. £« A. Miller of Portland, Oregon, reported the 
loss of an Elgin Watch in the Mammoth auto camp. Attempts to 
locate this for her were In vain. 

ir. Z. W. Carter of Chicago, Illinois reported the 
loss of a coat in Dunraven Pass on June 24, containing $68.00 
in money and other valuable papers. The coat was recovered for 
LIr. Carter June 25. 

(d) Found* 

Mr. A. E. Lidderdale of Junction City, Ohio, report- 
ed to the Chief Rangers Office that he had found a violin June 
24 in the road between Tower Falls and Mammoth Hot Springs. 
This violin was claimed June 25 by Frank Kodeah, who said the 
violin was the only remembrance he had of his mother. 

Mr. Samuel Samson of Huntington, West Virginia, 
found a small purse containing $10.82 on the Mammoth Hot Springs 
Formation and turned said purse and contents over to the Chief 
dangers Office with instructions to donate the money to the 
Salvation Army unless it was claimed. It was claimed the follow- 
ing day by Mrs. William Quesse of Chicago, Illinois and mailed 
to her on June 30. 

(e) Stolen. 

Dr. :;. B« Boyden of Pendelton t Oregon, reported to 
the Chief Rangers Office that during the evening of June 26 a 
party of people from California stoled a kodak from his car 
while it was parked on the Hot Springs Formation. Grounds for 
this belief would not warrant extensive search for the kodak. 

Assistant Store keeper Randolph, at Madison Junction, 
reported to the Chief Rangers Office June 19 that a gold watch 
was stolen from him while performing his duties about the prem- 
ises and that he had reason to believe that one of the govern- 
ment truck drivers had stolen this watch. Efforts were made by 



~ 11 — 

this department to rooovor It fbr hin but vdthout mooes** 

Jeorge Vhelan. of Boaenan, ontrma, reported to 
<i»alttant Chief Ranger Joseph Donclas that two automobile robes 
were stolen tr on his ear at the Upper Geyser Basin and that he 
suspicion** a California oar of stealing the robes. He was 
able to give us the msriber of these ears which resulted In their 
beiztf searched by vartc aiders Bishop sad Dstvis who reported to 
!2r. Chelan that he was mistaken in suspecting these cars of be- 
ing connected with the theft . 

In addition Is the above services rendered to the 
public, na% other favors were extimded to tourists; such as 
locating numerous Turtles al4>ut the i>arir and attending to their 

\n added feature to the publicity riven the par* was 
added this month vrt*n KfW it • Collins of ftpoicane Washington, 
opened a newspaper office at Headquarters fbr the publication 
of a snail £*per to be sold to the tourists and known as the 
tourist Tattler", rangers hawe be© • instructed to assist the 
editors of tfls publication in every wa^ possible. 



nans for the devolopewnt and injnovement of *>» 
Rswer Service for the 1922 fiscal year are !*<***"*Jf »■****• 
Contracts have been drwn up, plans approved and details 
arranged fbr the fbllowicgi 

(a) Buffsvlo Kaa**h Prtft Fence. 

A contract has been aade between »• Oscar Rose- 
borough of Gerdiaer. fcntana. and *^^^ J^f j^S, 
rerrcsented t* Chief Kangcr Ja»e toBride «*****• «•£"• 
Burton C. l^coafte. fbr the construotion of a drift fence at 
the buffalo farm extending from the r\m on Opal Croc* to the 
rim on rt. rierrls for a consideration of $l t 000. 

the specifications of this fence, arei 7 f<*ot from 
the ground to the tor> rail with 26 foot pe»*l» with 12 inch over- 
Ian of the ties. At the ooiwootion of the worn there «»•* *• 
noleec ttian a 3 foot angle with the construction ofaS foot 
butt Plate under tU» lower rail at each worm. And further, that 
all ralls^st be not less than 6 inches in diameter at the *»11 
stin mA other minor details have been agreed to by all parties 

(b) Crevice Knnger itati on. 

'i'hrougl a contract drmnn up between Jr. Thomas I* iowie 
of Gardiner, fontai*, md Chief Hanger Jan*« rsoSrldc rc;resenting 
the National i'ar* orvice, an agreement was reached to build a 

- 12 - 

ranger station on Crevice ::oantnln for a armeideratlou of £350. 

i l,tiwis has agreed U> erect tide stru©t;:ro aacordinp to the 
following: deal me and aimerislonss 

A three room design 16* x 32* Is to to divide by a 
>otltlon leaving one wens ID' x 16* find the other 16 f x 16 f 
side nsasircrcsutc) with en adjoining building 10 ■ x 16* to 
to usefl at a kltoboa whtoh is to to connected with the raaln 
bulldinc cm the north Side, the east and west walls of which 
are to to 8 f*et from each cntf. of the main Hiildi 

this building will to constructed with peeled lofs 6 
feet above the floor and tot l^wls agresc to 1^' W» floor and 
oaiUa; U Ike three rooras from ^serial ealveged In the wreckage 
of the old station. Me ato agrees to wreck the present Crcvloe 
Ksnger Station* 

?he kltohtn of this Mattes will hare one double win- 
dow wad two doors as* the main building will hare six windows 
acd two doorc. 

Arnageneats we being made with ::r. Earnest L,hflsr 9 
Supervisor of tte bsoroka national .'o rests, for the eat tin*? 
of the necessary logo and the water lease for this station* 

An agreement was made bet*eer« *tr. Tarran : ate! ings and 
Ohisf ir^er James ifcBride, representing the National Park Service 
to construct a new eabln and bam on 31ough Creek for a eaah 
consideration of $300. Sheee buildings are to be used In wl*t 
will to loiewn as the nipper Slot*! Creek Hay Kenan". It is y/ 

approximately four railes from thi pressnt hay ranch* The eabln 
is to have an inside raeneure*»nt of 16* x »\dlvided Into two 
rooms* ?he walls are to to feet high. Botfc rooms are to 
eonttruetod with a board floor and ceiling .aid thoir measurement o, 
inside, are to be 20 f x 16' and 10 f x 16*. A 30" x V door will 
lead from one room to the other. 

She oaUn md torn le to be oonstrueted with peeled 
legs, the latter to be 18 f wide and dD' Ions, tine roof boiisg sup- 

to cross losrs not lose thAn IE inehee at the snail end \ 

with fire brldg* logs ma*** a 45 decree piteh extending from one 
end to the other, both the bam and house will to ofcinfeed and 
dogged and covered Willi mbberoid. The National Park i*ervioe is 
to furnish all material and tmwayort this material from the nail 
box on the Cooke City v ;i to the site of these new buildings. 

(o) Buffalo Bench Paying. 

Through contracts entered and agreed upon by Ir. scar 
Bostfeerough, of Gardiner, Kmtana. and Chief danger James taBride, 
of the national ?ark service* S oontraot was let to the part^ of 
the second rnrt to harvest the hay crop across the lAmar river 

13 — 


south of the Yellowstone Park Buffalo l.anch for a consideration 
of $4*83 per ton* :ir. Roseborough agrees to out and stack this 
hay under the personal supervision of Mr*. leBride and hie person* 
al representative Burton C* iaoombe. 

It has been agreed that all hay stacks are to measure 
20' z 2V sad 25' high aid between 36 and 42 feet, or more, over* [^ 

top measurement and that these cjeasuretaeat will bo made thirty 
days after the capping of the hay stacico. It is agreed to follow 
Montana Laws referring to hay tonage which reads "422 cu. ft* 
30 days after harvest equals 1 torn" 

(d) Gardiner Hay 'eadowe. 

^l&ns are being o&de fl>r the J^xrve sting of hay on the 
Gardiner Hay Field and stacking this hay in the corral near the 
raeadow* It was considered advisable to award this contract to 
Charles ft, Stoll of Gardiner, fontana, who personally agreed 
verbally to out and stack this hay under ray direction for a con- 
sideration of $5*00 a ton. 

(e) Trail Work. 

Park Tiaagm Henry Anderson formerly stationed at Soda 
Butte has been assigned as fortaan of all pack and trail work for 
the suaasr* Mr* ^.nderson will construct aew grades on trails in 
the southern and eastern districts of the park and Will repair 
all cabins in ttet district* Fie will leave Headquarters with a 
small crew within a few d;^s using hie own pack train and pack 


Possibly the most noticeable change in the polioy of 
this department has been In the ttotoroyolc Patrol Service. The 
work of these mn during the month lias been exceptional* They 
hare performed duties such as taking into custody wanted cars with 
exceptional speed atd have handled each case in a very diplomatic 
manner* Their orders received at the Chief Haters Office vary to 
such an extent th&t it is .absolutely impossible to* ar$r person other 
than the parties at the Chirf Hangers Office to keep a check of any 
kind upon them. This roethod of patrol has already proven a decided 
success and it has been a big factor in the controlling of traffic 
in the park during the month. 

(a) Guide Service. 

Hangers assigned to guide duty at Hamraoth Hot Springs and 
Upper Geyser Basin for the first time in the history of the Yellow- 
stone Park have so far been the feature of our visitors* tour. They 
have received more compliments in the short time that they hare 
been taking parties over the formations than were received during the 

14 — 

entire year of 1920 covering the entire ranger force* The 

men assigned to these duties are familiar with every detail i 

of their assigned formation and have a fair knowledge of all 

park features. 

The satisfaction of rendering this service to the 
general public is felt by these guides in knowing that they 
are rendering a service gratis to people who in former years 
were forced to pay for all courtesies and to see the formations 
which they had traveled from afar to see* In spite of the fact 
that the guides, on starting out with their parties, announce 
that the trip is on Uncle Sam, they report that they are re- 
fusing many tips daily* 

lb) Infoiraation Office. 

Sore visitors hare received information through our 
Information Offloe t and more selling documents have been sold 
this year than has ever been the ease* Bangers are assigned 
to duty in this office from 7 f 30 km U to 10 P. M. and tsiey are 
now arranging road maps and other matters of general interest 
in this office for the tourist public. By the middle of July 
we are expecting to have decorations complete and information 
data available for any desire of the tourist. 

(c) Circulars s 

Circular Ho* 7 f reading. "Ho one will land on lolly 
Island in Yellowstone i^atoe up to and including July 25, 1921". \< 

was issued upon the suggestion of the Park Naturalist, IT. P. 
Skinner, to protect the young pelicans on that island. 

Official banners authorised frcm the office of the 
Superintendent were issued to the following which permits cars 
flying this banner to travel roads in the reverse direction with 
the exception of Tower Falls. Canyon and Sfest Thumb—Old Faith- 
ful road, but aoes not authorise the bearers of these banners 
to exceed the speed limits or violate other parte regulations* 

The Superintendent 1 * Official Car 

A. « . amey. Engineer 

H. v;« Child ) 

W* M. Kichols ) of Yellowstone Park Trans- 

F. B. Xaamermeyer I portation Co. 

T. £« Kfrcfe ) of the Yellowstone 

Medical Officer ) Park Hotel Co. 

H. H. Hays, of Yellowstone Park Camps Co. 

j. JB. Haynee 

0. A. Hamilton 

lim P. Skinner, Park Naturalist 

Doctor Crawbuok 

And others as necessity arises. 

- 1* - 

vi. otobr meant or ounasa. unmti 

(A) Wild Animal S. 

Buffalo June 1 erd. 

• teen head of bills representing the finest 
Uaffuio s eel <nw of Yellowstone Parte were brought to 
June 10 for the buffalo corral ibr show purposes. Mas 
tourlete visit the oorral dally to eee this herd but 
to -/arte ai*;er eter unreon, less then half the number of 
visitors who sejr this herd la the mouth of June last year have 
Veen recorded at the corral. 

ware made to ehlp a three year old ball 
f ran Oardlner. tost ana, to Superintendent of Park. Xioy lor shall 
of *herldan, yordnc. oa Joe 11. The bull was orated at the 
buffalo farm art brougt t to the station by Kerry Uoyd of OardV 
iaer t ?ImHsbwi • Oa lte arrival it was invested by Hanger 
endell '• Bishop by orders of Assistant ruv^tntendent 1 lndsley. 
Jusnirer Bishop qansinml the omte and ordered the bull to be taken 
bee* to the buffalo fan. 

a ball wae a dangerous animal end had done eonsider- 
able damage at the buffalo fam to fences and wae jeopardising the 
lives of the men nettling the herd. It wae neoeesar/ to mi 

t> is animal* 

On Jane 4t another buffalo ball wae brought to Gardin- 
er, Montana, to be shipped to Ir. Arafcall at Jheridan, yoalng. 
for their city park. This animal wae two years old and wae in 

excellent condition rod bore every indication of being a remark- 

able epc 

The herd has been gracing oa :it* Sarrle through the 
et. tire aonth and have been reported to be high in fleeh. 63 oalvee 
have been added to the herd. 11 of which cans during the month of 

Vac bears at canyon, Laic* end Upper Geyser neata garb^r* 
>ilos aro more numerous this »wnth than Is usually the ease in June. 
?he bears are in hi ; :h flesh «d apparently are on the increase. v 

Renders at tfc© Xj*s station reported eo one Grissly and three oube 
all of which were her own. 40 many ae nineteen lave been seen at 
the Canyon garbage pile daring one evening* 

as are bet*? aide to capture a yearling mle black bear 
fbr Uc State vrioultorM c olle^e of 'ems. ,.afce angers report V 
such an anlaal feeding en tie tarbage piles along the river and vie 
expect uake the capture fur the Texas Institution* 

— 16 ~ 

With tto Antelope took on the eur*e»r range they are very 
eel dor, aeen by either rang ere or tourists. But all report a 
favorably ahow that they are not increasing as rapidly aa we 
would desire. 


teny fama hare bean reported and are quite often 
aeen around all of the loop atatlona and especially In the Tower 
mile and Canyon districts. 


34 head of £lk oould he aeen at famoth ontll about 
the 40th of June whan hea*y traffic see-ned to frighten than fro* 
the dlstrlot. I an of the opinion that our oalf orop for the • 

aeaaon will be a fairly lai^e one. Favorable ueather oonditiona 
hare lead m to believe that the oalf ero>> loaa from aaoura v etc., 
will be far be lav that of previoue yeare. 

Contain Lhoep* 

Tourists traveling ower *!t. 'aahburn during the early 
part of the aeaaon enjoyed the eight of a heru of d Contain 
Sheep, three of whiah were ewea with lambs, ther than thia 
reoort I do not know of any other tour late eeclng any of theee 


Oraalnf . 

Gf*aii*> orer the entire park ia excellent* Joreee 
of the Deparbnent of the Interior are being held on the Blank- 
tail with the exception of thoae need b„ the Banger terrloe 
and Lnffineerln* Dcpartewnt were brought to headquartere June 11. 

The Tellowatone Park ?reneportatlon Company brought 
in a herd of 44 head of horeee to be uaed at the eld faithful . 

Xaa and Grand Cmyon Hotel . on Jane 12. The horeee at Old y 

iaithfal are bell* sraeed on Iron Creek and the horeee at Grand 
Canyon are belt* held between Grand Canyon and Cascade Crook. 

the rellow atone 'ark Cawpt Company brought ia a herd 
of 71 head of i^raeo on Jane 7 and distributed them at MMttth, 
Canp Hooeowelt and a small herd at the Upper Geyser Basin. The 
horeee at fcanoth U«a are bel*e; ratsjed at the paature 

adjoining the ?owor Falls road. The horeee at Camp Roosevelt 
hate been ordered to be held either to the Tellowatone Pivor or 
on the Bluffs above Canp itooaevelt. ?he mn in oharg* of thla 
herd haa not ^iven ua hia oeoperation in loaeplnrr the herd out 

— 17 ~ -^ 

of the Voaoey Hay Meadows. Instructions hisre been issued to 
Racers In the 21st riot to impound these smlmals unless thoy are 
kept off the osadove. 

traits were lssuad to the following concerns to / 

grnse milk sows within the bouadJries of the pork for the purpoees 
of supplying the hotels ma ettfsps v/lth nillki 

0x6 um! Vobi&s of Chadbounit Jantaaa, pewait to 
grttse 38 head of settle on the Btein Gardiner, was issued on June K 

16. iheee mm have *«*** grlven thorough instructions regarding 
ailk ooirs alon? the perk nmda or within sight of the touring 
public • 

$* Soy Ice* ft uhiWe* of Bosttnaa, iVrntana, a pemlt was 
leaned June 17 to gmse 47 owe end one tell In the vioinity of 
queen's LanuaAry cm ; oiitinel Greek and the Lover Oeyeer Basin. 
They are n*fcto# arrangement* *»& have been gives* prepe* awthor- 
ijstttioa. to Wild * a**rtl teie^orary milk etui « the old ; ountain 
Freight 2«oa* between ^Dselsior Oeyser Basin ma tlie /onntain 
r&sger station. 

A pemit to usyea & statff&rd of Ourdlner, toataaui, to 
graee 01 com and 6 o&lvee in the Canyon UUtriot near Casoade 
Creek, -riaeae cots entered the park on June 17 m& by the p**- \/ 

talta isaasd from thie office tfeeg? «e*e allowed to enter the park 
on Reeoe Creek and ^ere driven throteh the park over the trails. 


Flefcii^ in all seetion* of the park tsaa below nerael 
durli*? the month on account of hi&h water. HaH Culturieta , 

eorkii*? at Pis* <U*toe « tiie probation of fish met with very V 

little success this season faavii^ sUtfte£ their sorfc in gather- 
ii* the BQ&m too late in the eeaeon. 

?&** Bsturaliet* VU P. Skinner* suggested and a3. lowed 
?rof. Kichard Anthony fcittkowski of the University of Jtafco to 
seine fish from the Lamr Blver. flower Crete and Slough Creek 
in field wrtc connected with the Eoooevolt wild Life Forest 
£acperi*cnt £tatioiu -hi* w sfc is being carried on in connection 
with tl»e proper feeds for the varioue kinds of fish found in the 
park. Flefclii; tee be** closed in Fist* UH» daring the entire 
uenth by yoaf Qttmr leeued during the aionth of Mey. It ie eng- 
jested by iWk K«*£er Qeorge Vicn thnt this order by revoked 
at this time *a it is no lender neaeeeary to hare sush a regulation 
to protect fishes in theee waters^ 

She U. S. Bureau of Fieheriee opened their hatobe*y on / 

Yellowstone Lake daring the firet part of the with. v 

— 18 ~ 

Frys were received from the Bozernan and Emigrant 
hatcheries and planted in the following streams on Jane 30: 

5,000 Eastern Brook in Lava Creek v 
5,000 Eastern Brook in Glenji' Greek v 
5,000 Eastern Brook in Elk Creek. \/ 

A shipment of one million Greyling will be received at 
West Yellowstone, Hontana, Saturday morning, July 2, and will be 
transported to the Canyon Ranger Station where a pack train will 
carry them to Grebe Lake for planting. 

Natural Phenomena. 

The terraces at Uanmoth Hot Springs especially the well 
known Jupiter terrace are showing a decided increase in activity. 
Among the larger terraces showing the increase arej The Angel, 
and smaller terraces surrounding it. White Elephant, Cleopatra, 
Mound, Narrow Guage, Pulpit and many of the smaller terraces. 

Reports from the Norrls Geyser Basin show a greater 
activity among the smaller geysers and hot springs than has here- 
tofore been reported. 

Reports from the Lower Geyser Basin show irregularities 
in all geysers of the basin. 

Reoent reports from the Upper Geyser Basin show geysers 
playing in the following intervals! 

Old Faithful at 43 to 75 minutes, 
Daisy, regular at 70 to 80 minutes, 
Riverside very regular at 7 hours, 
Grand at intervals from 8 to 10 hours. 
Castle very active, this geyser played four times 
between the 16th and 30th, three eruptions of 
which oame in four days. 
Giant last eruption of the month on June 19, 
Comet, the only eruption of the month that has been 

recorded was on the 25th. 
Mortar, observed in eruption but once, 
Grotto, one eruption each day, 

Lion observed in eruption from one to ten times each 
One of the greatest disappointments of the season is the 
Beehive, as there has been no eruption seen In this geyser this 
season. We have been unable to account for the inactivity of this 
famous cone-type geyser. 

— 19 — 



Two parties were tried before the United States 
Commissioner during the month of June for violations of rules 
and regulations of this park. Both of these parties pleaded ^ 

guilty to 3 the charges and were allowed to proceed after receiv- 
ing the judgement of the court. They were as follows: 

Park Hanger Eugene B. Robertson, in charge of the public 
auto camp at the Upper Geyser Basin, requested the arrest of 
the party in Iowa oar Ho. 113854 for falling to extinguish their 
camp fire in the public auto camp on June 25. 

This number was dispatched to all rangers in the park 
and on the morning of June 26, motorcycle ranger Emmet S. Matthew 
took the party into custody who proved to be Mr. C. 3. Wright in 
a party of three from New London, Iowa. 

Temporary Park Ranger Robertson filed complaint against 
Ur. Yf right on June 27 and the trial was held before the United 
States Commissioner. They were fined #10.00 and costs which was 

Mr. C. Bakke of Los Angeles, California, was arrested . 

by Temporary Park Ranger Emmet S. Matthew on June SO. He alleged \S 

Mr. Bakke for snagging fish in the Yellowstone River. I ordered 
the party brought to headquarters for trial before the United 
States Commissioner July 1. 


After practically three years of investigation a case 
was finally drawn up against Mr. George Thelan of Bozeman, ISontana, 
who was thot^ht to be conducting a livery business in the park 
during the season. He entered the park June 6 with a party of 
seven. His car contained school teachers from the city of Bozeman 
who lived in all sections of the United States. The record was 
made of this entry and a careful checiv of all cars reentering the 
park and it was found that on June 11, Mr. Thelan again entered 
the park wi th an entirely new party. As he checked out the north 
entrance on June 14, Park Ranger Thad C. Pound was given instruc- 
tions to charge ir. Thelan $7.50 for a permit for this party and 
to give Mr. Thelan instructions to the effect that I *e 

taken into custody if he entered the park again unless wltti relatives 
or very intimate friends. He entered the park ggain, June 20, and 
was immediately taken into custody. Due to peculiarities of the 
case the matter of the prosecution was referred to you for con- 
sideration, after which it was determined to allow Mr. Thelan to 
brirg camping parties through the park from Bozeman, Montana, on 
the condition that on each entry he purchase a ticket in the name 
of one of the members of his party. 

This decision was based on the fact that the parties Mr. 

— 20 — 

Chelan brings through this park would , if it were not for hia 
accommodation, possibly never see the parte. Tc encourage travel 
to the park it was decided to allow I3r. Chelan to bring the 
parties he desired into the park before and after the season 
opened and dosed* 

Temporary Park Hanger Florian J. Ubel, Upper Geyser 
Basin, reported to the Chief Rangers Office on June 18 that a 
party * n a light Ford Truck were attempting to soil Indian robes 
in the Public ~uto fianps around the loop. L thorough investiga- 
tion Mi conducted and it was ibund impossible to prove tha case 
against tte party on a charge of operating a business in Yellow- \/ 

stone Park without the required permission from the Superintend- 
ent ♦ They were allowed to proceed on their way after having been 
given to understand that no person or persons could operate a 
business of any kind within the boundries of Yellowstone National 
Park, without tte consent of the Secretary of the Interior sanction- 
ed with the recommendation of tte Superintendent. 

A party of four men from Livingston, Itontana, headed by 
Don Miles, was held up at the Ho iris Banger Station by Park Ranger 
Roy f« Fraaier after a complaint had been filed against the party 
which led us to the suspicion that the driver of this car might / 

be in a toxicated condition. It was found to be a fact to some 
extent, but it was considered advisable to allow the party to 
proceed after the driver had been given an opportunity to sober. 

Temporary Park Hanger Gordon Cottier, Mammoth Ranger 
Station in charge of public auto canp, reported to the Chief 
Rangers Office that a dolorado Car, License No. 8963 had left 
their oamp fire burning after breaking camp in the morning. 
The number of the oar was dispatched over the entire park, and 
later in the day, Motorcycle Hanger Kmraet S. :iatthew located the 
car and reported that it was driven by Mr. I. E. Davis of Denver, . 

Colorado, who admitted that he had neglected to extinguish his 
fire. The conditions of the case was given no svhll amount of 
attention after which it was found advisable not to file a com- 
plaint against Mr, Davis who was allowed to continue his tour 
after receiving a severe reprimand from the Chief Rangers Office. 

Chief Engineer A. W. Burney instructed Yellowstone Park 
Transportation truck driver, Ho. 340, to report at the Chief 
Rangers Office for refusing to allow private automobiles to pass 
him while enroute. The driver reported to the Chief Raigers Office 
June 28 and was given a severe reprimand and it has been found, 
later, that the driver of this truck has not adhered to the advice 
given him thereby making it necessary to request his discharge. 
This will be taten up within the next few days. 


— 21 

Telephone Service. 

Promptness In locating parties was held up from noon 
June 25 until the evening of June 27 on account of the telephone 
lines on the east side of the park. It was impossible during 
this period of time to get a connection of any kind with any of 
the stations in the Western District. 


Reports are received at the Chief Bangers Office that 
two National Park Service horses were seen in the Lower Yellow- 
stone Valley. After getting into communication vith Itifc Charles 
Higler t a rancher of the lower country, he agreed to recover 
these horses for me for a consideration of $10.00. This was 
accomplished June 29 when the horses were returned to me at Head- 


It was found necessary after tolerating many discourag- 
ing and petty acts "by Temporary Park Ranger Clarence E. King to 
transfer him to the Thumb Ranger Station for duty at tfeat place. 
Through a misunderstanding on the part of Kr • King it seems he 
formed the opinion that he was working under your personal super- 
vision or upon orders from my office. Mr. King has improved 
materially vA th this change, having replaced Temporary Park 
Ranger Robert B. Armstrong who was ordered to the Lake Raiger 
Station with traffic assignment. 

Temporary Par< T\a»ger Balknap C. Hawkes received a 
reprimand for becoming officious in the performance of his duties. 
Thiswas accounted for by his ambitiousness and bis conscientious- 
ness in the performance of his duty. Y/e have had many favorable 
reports about him since he has received this reprimand. 


While trucking a buffalo bull from Gardiner, Montana, 
to the buffalo ranch on the Lamar River, Saturday June 11. Elec- 
trician Frank Bregdon lost control of the truck which turned over 
the bank and rolled 34 feet to its bottom. The accident occurred 
within 500 yards of the buffalo ranch. In the fall of the truck 
IJrs. Frank Bregdon and Mrs. George ifcFarland, occupants of the x/ 

truck, suffered injuries that required immediate medical attention, 
Mrs. Bregdon* s case being of a serious nature. She suffered three 
broken ribs, many contusions over the entire body. 

Llrs. McFariand suffered from a laceration of the scalp 
and numerous skin abrasions. 


2Z — 

Temporary Hanger Edward P. Buckenmyer was severely injured 
on June 19 when his saddle horse reared and fell back: on him. 
He was unable to free himself from the saddle and was caught under 
the horse, the horn of the saddle piercing his abdomen* The 
accident occurred in front of the Lake Ranger Station, consequent- 
ly immediate attention was given him by the Lake Hotel Nurse and 
the rangers at the station. 

Doctor Crawbuok, of the National Park Service, was rush- 
ed J ;o the scene and four stitches were required to close the 
wound. Rr« Buckanmyer was never removed from the Lake Hanger 
Station and is recovering rapidly without showing any ill effects 
from the injury. 

Compensation has been requested owing to the fact that 
he ie 10 1 entitled to sick or annual leave. 

hile on Motorcycle Patrol between the Sylvan Pass 
and Lake Ranger Stations, Motorcycle Hanger Hollie N. latthew was 
thrown from his machine caused by sliding into a rut, June 22, 
He suf fe-ed a painful wrench of the right knee With the ligaments 
of the right calf being torn and the flesh bruised as the machine 
passed over it. He was brought to his quarters at Mammoth and 
has been confined to his bed since the accident under the care of 
Doctor Crawbuck, national Park Service Physician. He is entitled 
to 12 day's leave, six of which are under the heading of sick leave. 
The machine was not damaged in the accident. 

Temporary Park Ranger Robert B. Armstrong, Thumb Ranger 
Station, reported that :ir. . B. Learnard of Arkansas City, Kansas, 
stepped into a fishing cone on the 22nd day of June and was rushed >/ 
by this ranger to the LakB Station for medical attention. He re- 
ported that Dr. Brooks attended the Injured man and diagnosed the 
case as a first degree burn. 

Developments of the case on June 26 led to the accident's 
turning to a more serious nature when Dr. V7. E. Crawbuck was called 
into the case to attend to the suffering of the injured man. Dr. 
Crawbuck* s personal report to me is to the effect that the burns 
extend from his buttocks to his feet and in that area there are 
burns of first and second degree intentions. The man has been con- 
fined to the Lake Camp Bince the time of the accident and was ^ 
suffering painfully until the time Dr. Crawbuck was called into 
the case. ilr. Learnard claimed that Dr. Brooks did not any more 
than glance at his injuries and told him that he was not injured 
half as bad as he thought he was. It is my belief that in emerg- 
encies of tliis kind our rangers should be instructed to call the 
national Park Service Physician into the oase if only for a more 
accurate report of its nature. 


Camp tender LeMaster at the Grand Canyon Station, while 
hauling rubbish to the garbage dump, backed the cart and horse 
over the rim of the refuse pile. The horse and cart rolled 30 feet / 

to the bottom of the dump. Mr. LeIIaster received numerous minor ^ 

injuries and wrecked the dump cart and harness; the horse was not 
injured other than a few cuts. 

Temporary Park Banger Hobert J. Potter of the Bechler 
Rover Ranger Station suffered a severe laoeration on the right 
knee while mounting his horse on trail work in Hountain Ash Creek 
District. It was necessary to remove him to the hospital at V 

Ashton, Idaho, where will be confined approximately 12 days. One 
of the blood vessels of the leg was severed and seven stitches 
were required to close the wound. Compensation for the injured 
man will be applied for. 


Rangers at the Upper Geyser Basin and Canyon Ranger 
Stations are boarding with maintenance crews established at these 
points and are paring for their meals at the rate of $1.00 per 
day. They are assuming personal responsibility for fancy tide 
dishes. The men at the Upper Geyser Basin began eating at their 
mess on the evening of the 18th of June, while the Canyon rangers 
did not begin at their mess until June 23. All other raigers in 
the park are paying for their meals by personal agreements. The 
men stationed at the Lake Ranger Station expect to take advantage 
of the Sprinkler Crew mess at this point about August 1. At 
this time they have enough rations on hand to carry them through 
the month of July. 

Respectfully submitted, 

James McBrlde 

Chief Ranger.